Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Anilara cf. anthaxoides   Théry, 1911
subfamily  Buprestinae » tribe  Curidini » subtribe  Anilarina
Anilara cf. anthaxoides   Adult images
Anilara cf. anthaxoides, PL3767A, PL3767B, on dead foliage Eucalyptus camaldulensis ssp. camaldulensis, MU Anilara cf. anthaxoides, PL3767, on dead foliage Eucalyptus camaldulensis ssp. camaldulensis, MU Anilara cf. anthaxoides, PL1891A, male, SL, 4.4 × 2.0 mm Anilara cf. anthaxoides, PL1807B, on Eucalyptus microcarpa, NL Anilara cf. anthaxoides, PL3177, female, on Eucalyptus microcarpa, SL, 4.8 × 2.2 mm Anilara cf. anthaxoides, PL3177, female, SL, 4.8 × 2.2 mm Anilara cf. anthaxoides, PL1807B, on Eucalyptus microcarpa, NL Anilara cf. anthaxoides, PL1807B, on Eucalyptus microcarpa, NL
Actual
size¹:
4.9 mm
×
2.5 mm
Measurements (mm)
malefemale
L14.8
4.35 – 5.4
n = 55.2
4.8 – 5.6
n = 3
L22.3
n = 15.0
n = 1
W2.7
1.95 – 5.2
n = 52.3
2.15 – 2.45
n = 3
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Anilara cf. anthaxoides  Distinctive features

Blackish grey to bronze with areas of strong purple coloration, dorsi-ventrally compressed. Relatively short pronotum, barely tapered laterally in its posterior half except for a slight constriction close to the base, flattened basally. Mealiness retained on declivities, lightly whitish above, densely white below. A distinctive lobed ovipositor. Aedeagus dilating distally before a terminal constriction with parameres strongly curved and bulging laterally.

Notes

The application of this name to SA specimens is somewhat uncertain, and similar specimens have been identified as A. blackburni. It is one of four Anilara species commonly found on the dead or dying foliage of fallen eucalypt branches in the Adelaide area (see also A. obscura, A. longicollis and A. angusta).

Distribution
SA Regions¹:  FRNLMUSL
Australian States:  SAVIC?NSW?
Southern South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Anilara cf. anthaxoides  (total of 18 beetles)
1 1
2 3 7
3
1
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Legend
live emerged adults, count > median value of 2 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 2
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
12
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Eucalyptus microcarpa73FR, NL, SLM
Eucalyptus camaldulensis31FRM
Eucalyptus camaldulensis ssp. camaldulensis31MUM
*Eucalyptus cladocalyx11NLM
Eucalyptus gracilis11MUM
Eucalyptus odorata11MUM
Eucalyptus sp.11FRM
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
*indicates alien (non-native) plant occurrences, either wild or planted (the species may be alien in SA, or native in parts of its SA range)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 16 100% 5
Position on adult host
positionbeetlessites
on dead foliage177
Larval host plant
individuals sites SA regions¹ family adult ex billet
Eucalyptus microcarpa11SLM1
Legendindividualscount of breeding adults, pupae and larvae
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
adultlive = extracted alive;   dead = extracted dead as intact or fragmentary remains;   ex billet = reared and emerged from stored sections of host;   ex pupa = reared from sampled pupa
pupaextracted pupa;   pupa ex larva = reared pupa from larva
larvaextracted larva (any stage including prepupa)
gall (only)hatched or unhatched gall identified by form and position rather than contents
Plant family
Code individuals % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 1 100% 1
Position in larval host
positionindividualssitesadult ex billet
dead stem111
Host plant notes

Adults are found on dead foliage of fallen branches of Eucalyptus species in summer and breed in the dead stems. I reared a single individual from Grey Box Eucalyptus microcarpa billets cut from a fallen dead branch in Adelaide.

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.