Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Castiarina parallela   (White, 1859)
subfamily  Buprestinae » tribe  Stigmoderini » subtribe  Stigmoderina
Castiarina  species group: crocicolor
Castiarina parallela   Adult images
Castiarina parallela, PL0137A, on Calytrix involucrata, EP, 10.4 × 3.4 mm Castiarina parallela, PL0137A, on Calytrix involucrata, EP, 10.4 × 3.4 mm Castiarina parallela, PL0153, on Hakea carinata, SL Castiarina parallela, PL0451, on Leptospermum myrsinoides, SL Castiarina parallela, PL0178, female, SL, 11.0 × 3.5 mm Castiarina parallela, PL0137, EP
Actual
size¹:
10.1 mm
×
3.2 mm
Measurements (mm)
malefemale
L19.9
7.6 – 11.6
n = 4310.3
8.4 – 12.2
n = 29
L29.8
8.65 – 10.65
n = 1110.3
8.9 – 11.8
n = 8
W3.2
2.4 – 3.75
n = 433.3
2.7 – 4
n = 29
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Castiarina parallela  Distinctive features

Readily distinguished from C. decemmaculata by the dense cover of scale-like, flattened, silvery setae on the ventral side (diagnostic of the C. crocicolor group), and from C. xanthopilosa by its smaller size and the more elongate yellowish lacunae on the elytra.

Notes

A very common SA spring species in both temperate and semi-arid areas. In the latter especially, the elytral lacunae tend to be coalesced to varying degrees, but often with the first and second fused together and the third and fourth fused together.

Distribution
SA Regions¹:  FREPMUNLSLKISE
Australian States:  SAVICNSWQLD
Southern South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Castiarina parallela  (total of 486 beetles)
10
9 10 5 8
64 123 42 54
49 28 19 57
4 2 2
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Legend
live emerged adults, count > median value of 19 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 19
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
12
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Leptospermum myrsinoides9921MU, SL, KI, SEM
Calytrix tetragona9821FR, EP, NL, MU, SL, KI, SEM
Leptospermum coriaceum7316EP, MU, SEM
Leptospermum sp.2211EP, NL, MU, SL, KIM
Grevillea pterosperma155EP, SEP
Melaleuca pauperiflora ssp. mutica122EPM
Hysterobaeckea behrii115EP, MU, SEM
Calytrix involucrata92EPM
Calytrix sp.92KIM
Melaleuca gibbosa93EP, KIM
Homoranthus wilhelmii62EPM
Thryptomene micrantha62EPM
Leptospermum continentale54KIM
Spyridium halmaturinum52KIR1
Spyridium subochreatum51MUR1
Hakea carinata42SLP
Hakea rostrata31KIP
Calytrix glaberrima33KIM
Darwinia micropetala32KIM
Eucalyptus incrassata21SEM
Prostanthera behriana21FRL
Hakea sp.22EP, SLP
Acacia euthycarpa11MUF
Calytrix smeatoniana11KIM
Melaleuca uncinata11MUM
Myrtaceae sp.11SEM
Spyridium sp.11KIR1
Thryptomene ericaea11KIM
Zieria veronicea ssp. veronicea11SLR2
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 371 90% 16
P Proteaceae 24 6% 3
R1 Rhamnaceae 11 3% 2
L Lamiaceae 2 0% 1
F Fabaceae 1 0% 1
R2 Rutaceae 1 0% 1
Position on adult host
positionbeetlessites
on flower(s)21135
on flowering plant14036
on foliage or non-flowering plant11
on plant (unspecified)5725
other
  plant11
Lure affinity
colour beetles sites SA regions¹
blue443NL, KI
white31SE
light pink21SE
Host plant notes

Recorded from a wide variety of adult host plants, mostly with white or creamy flowers and predominantly from the Myrtle family, Myrtaceae, and to a much lesser extent, the Proteaceae.

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.