Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Castiarina parallelipennis   (Obenberger, 1934)
subfamily  Buprestinae » tribe  Stigmoderini » subtribe  Stigmoderina
Castiarina  species group: trifasciata
Castiarina parallelipennis   Adult images
Castiarina parallelipennis, PL3081C, male, on Acacia calamifolia, MU, 12.6 × 4.4 mm Castiarina parallelipennis, PL3081D, female, on Acacia calamifolia, MU, 14.3 × 5.0 mm Castiarina parallelipennis, PL2746B, male, EP, 15.0 × 5.3 mm Castiarina parallelipennis, PL3081D, female, MU, 14.3 × 5.0 mm Castiarina parallelipennis, PL0241, LE, 12.9 × 4.5 mm
Actual
size¹:
13.0 mm
×
4.5 mm
Measurements (mm)
malefemale
L112.3
10.15 – 15
n = 1014.1
11 – 15.6
n = 7
L211.4
10.05 – 12.6
n = 713.9
10.9 – 15.3
n = 6
W4.2
3.35 – 5.3
n = 104.9
3.7 – 5.7
n = 7
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Notes

A Lycid beetle mimic. (Notes about this mimicry series are provided under Castiarina erythroptera.)

Distribution
SA Regions¹:  LEGTFREPMU
Australian States:  WANTSAVICNSWQLD
South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Castiarina parallelipennis  (total of 41 beetles)
2 1 3 18
14 3
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Legend
live emerged adults, count > median value of 3 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 3
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
12
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Acacia calamifolia112EP, MUF
Eucalyptus sp.51EPM
Hysterobaeckea behrii43MUM
Leptospermum coriaceum43MUM
Acacia sp.21EPF
Eucalyptus diversifolia ssp. diversifolia21MUM
Senna artemisioides ssp. petiolaris22EP, MUF
Senna artemisioides ssp. quadrifolia21MUF
Senna sp.22MUF
Acacia victoriae ssp. victoriae11FRF
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa11EPP2
Eremophila scoparia11EPS
Grevillea pterosperma11EPP1
Hakea leucoptera ssp. leucoptera11LEP1
Senna artemisioides ssp. filifolia11MUF
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
F Fabaceae 21 53% 5
M Myrtaceae 15 38% 3
P1 Proteaceae 2 5% 2
P2 Pittosporaceae 1 3% 1
S Scrophulariaceae 1 3% 1
Position on adult host
positionbeetlessites
on flower(s)2211
on flowering plant127
on foliage or non-flowering plant32
on plant (unspecified)32
Castiarina parallelipennis Breeding record images
Castiarina parallelipennis, PL4557, pupa, in Dodonaea bursariifolia, (PJL 4557), MU Castiarina parallelipennis, PL4557, pupa, from Dodonaea bursariifolia, MU Castiarina parallelipennis, PL4557, pupa, from Dodonaea bursariifolia, MU Castiarina parallelipennis, PL4557, reared adult, from Dodonaea bursariifolia, MU Castiarina parallelipennis, PL4557, reared adult, from Dodonaea bursariifolia, after manual removal of exuviae, MU
Larval host plant
individuals sites SA regions¹ family adult ex pupapupa
Dodonaea bursariifolia21MUS11
Legendindividualscount of breeding adults, pupae and larvae
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
adultlive = extracted alive;   dead = extracted dead as intact or fragmentary remains;   ex billet = reared and emerged from stored sections of host;   ex pupa = reared from sampled pupa
pupaextracted pupa;   pupa ex larva = reared pupa from larva
larvaextracted larva (any stage including prepupa)
gall (only)hatched or unhatched gall identified by form and position rather than contents
Plant family
Code individuals % host plant taxa
S Sapindaceae 2 100% 1
Position in larval host
positionindividualssitesadult ex pupapupa
stem2111
Host plant notes

A.M.P. Stolarski discovered two pupae of this species in the stems of a Small Hop-bush, Dodonaea bursariifolia. I reared an adult from one of these and although the elytra did not expand properly, their patterning with a black sutural strip (dilated apically) and humeral edging is discernible. It is clearly identifiable as C. parallelipennis based on its colouration and aedeagus morphology. The beetle has a much wider distribution than this host and so must also breed in other plant species.

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.