Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Ethonion cf. reichei   (Chevrolat, 1838)
subfamily  Agrilinae » tribe  Coraebini » subtribe  Ethoniina
Ethonion cf. reichei   Adult images
Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0427, on Pultenaea largiflorens, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0427, on Pultenaea largiflorens, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0233, on Dillwynia hispida, SL, 7.8 × 3.1 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0233, on Dillwynia hispida, SL, 7.8 × 3.1 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0427A, male, SL, 7.2 × 2.7 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2545, male, SL, 7.9 × 3.0 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0233, from Dillwynia hispida, SL, 7.8 × 3.1 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0233, on Dillwynia hispida, SL, 7.8 × 3.1 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0427, on Pultenaea largiflorens, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0427, on Pultenaea largiflorens, SL
Actual
size¹:
7.4 mm
×
3.1 mm
Measurements (mm)
malefemale
L17.2
6.15 – 8.6
n = 137.7
6.5 – 8.8
n = 9
L27.2
6.1 – 8.6
n = 57.8
6.75 – 8.75
n = 4
W3.2
2.35 – 7.65
n = 133.0
2.5 – 3.5
n = 9
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Ethonion cf. reichei  Distinctive features

Very similar to, and possibly conspecific with, the typical form of Ethon reichei from the Sydney region, but tends to be smaller and less strongly coloured with shorter hairs and scale patches.

Notes

The galls of the SA form of this species are usually found on the root crown near the junction of root and stem, or elsewhere on the upper root or extreme base of the stem. They are typically more gentle swellings than the galls made by E. leai.

Distribution
SA Regions¹:  FRNLSLSE
Australian States:  SATASVICNSWQLD
Southern South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Ethonion cf. reichei  (total of 62 beetles)
3 5
35 8 4 2
1 1 2
1
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Legend
live emerged adults, count > median value of 3 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 3
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
12
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Pultenaea sp.331FRF
Dillwynia hispida62SLF
Pultenaea largiflorens51SLF
Eutaxia sp.41NLF
Pultenaea prostrata21SEF
Pultenaea daphnoides22SLF
Daviesia leptophylla11SLF
Leptospermum lanigerum11SLM
Leptospermum sp.11SLM
Platylobium obtusangulum11SLF
Pultenaea tenuifolia11SEF
Xanthorrhoea sp.11SLX
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
F Fabaceae 55 95% 8
M Myrtaceae 2 3% 1
X Xanthorrhoeaceae 1 2% 1
Position on adult host
positionbeetlessites
on flower(s)93
on flowering plant104
on plant (unspecified)393
Ethonion cf. reichei Breeding record images
Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2546A, larva, in Pultenaea largiflorens root crown gall, SL, 5.2 × 1.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2546A, larva, in Pultenaea largiflorens root crown gall, SL, 5.2 × 1.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2546A, larva, in Pultenaea largiflorens root crown gall, SL, 5.2 × 1.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2546A, larva, in Pultenaea largiflorens, immature larva 5.2 mm long, SL, 5.2 × 1.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0437A, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2623) root crown gall (on lower right), SL, 7.2 × 2.7 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0437A, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2623) root crown gall, before dissection, SL, 7.2 × 2.7 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0437A, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2623) root crown gall, same gall dissected, SL, 7.2 × 2.7 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0437A, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2623) root crown gall, SL, 7.2 × 2.7 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0437A, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2623) root crown gall, SL, 7.2 × 2.7 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2547D, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2841) root crown gall, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2547D, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2841) root crown gall, before dissection, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2547D, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2841) root crown gall, dissected, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2547D, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2841) root crown gall, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2547D, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2841) root crown gall, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2547D, non-emerged adult, on Pultenaea largiflorens root crown gall (for photo), SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2547D, non-emerged adult, on Pultenaea largiflorens root crown gall (for photo), SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3847, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea acerosa (PJL 3136) root crown gall, SL, 8.6 × 3.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3847, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea acerosa (PJL 3136) root crown gall, before dissection, SL, 8.6 × 3.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3847, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea acerosa (PJL 3136) root crown gall, dissected, SL, 8.6 × 3.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3847, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea acerosa (PJL 3136) root crown gall, SL, 8.6 × 3.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3941, female, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea tenuifolia (PL 3202) stem gall, SE, 8.8 × 3.5 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3941, female, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea  tenuifolia (PL 3202) stem gall, SE, 8.8 × 3.5 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3941, female, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea tenuifolia (PL 3202) stem gall, partly emerged, SE, 8.8 × 3.5 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3941, female, non-emerged adult, in Pultenaea tenuifolia (PL 3202) stem gall, partly emerged, SE, 8.8 × 3.5 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0681, larval host plant, host Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2655), SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL0437A, larval host plant, host Pultenaea largiflorens (PJL 2623) with hatched & unhatched root crown galls, SL, 7.2 × 2.7 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3847, larval host plant, host Pultenaea acerosa (PJL 3136) with root crown gall, SL, 8.6 × 3.3 mm Ethonion cf. reichei, PL3848, larval host plant, host Pultenaea acerosa (PJL 3137) with stem gall, SL Ethonion cf. reichei, PL2541, larval host plant, host Pultenaea largiflorens, root crown galls, SL
Larval host plants
individuals sites SA regions¹ family adult liveadult deadadult ex billetlarvagall (only)
Pultenaea largiflorens291SLF1211132
Pultenaea acerosa51SLF32
Pultenaea tenuifolia21SEF11
Legendindividualscount of breeding adults, pupae and larvae
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
adultlive = extracted alive;   dead = extracted dead as intact or fragmentary remains;   ex billet = reared and emerged from stored sections of host;   ex pupa = reared from sampled pupa
pupaextracted pupa;   pupa ex larva = reared pupa from larva
larvaextracted larva (any stage including prepupa)
gall (only)hatched or unhatched gall identified by form and position rather than contents
Plant family
Code individuals % host plant taxa
F Fabaceae 36 100% 3
Position in larval host
positionindividualssitesadult liveadult deadadult ex billetlarvagall (only)
root crown gall3331312134
stem gall323
Host plant notes

Adults are mostly recorded from a variety of native pea flowers, but its known larval hosts in SA are confined to several species of Pultenaea (Bush-peas).

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.