Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Hypocisseis suturalis   (Saunders, 1868)
subfamily  Agrilinae » tribe  Coraebini » subtribe  Cisseina
Hypocisseis suturalis   Adult images
Hypocisseis suturalis, PL0395, female, on Exocarpos cupressiformis, SL, 8.6 × 3.6 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL0395, female, on Exocarpos cupressiformis, SL, 8.6 × 3.6 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL0358, female, on Exocarpos sparteus, MU, 8.3 × 3.4 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3457F, male, SE, 7.9 × 3.0 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3457E, female, from Exocarpos sparteus, SE, 7.6 × 3.1 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL0358, female, MU, 8.3 × 3.4 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL0395, female, on Exocarpos cupressiformis, SL, 8.6 × 3.6 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL0395, on Exocarpos cupressiformis, SL, 8.6 × 3.6 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3457, adult host plant, host Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski
Actual
size¹:
8.0 mm
×
3.3 mm
Measurements (mm)
malefemale
L17.5
7.15 – 7.9
n = 68.3
7.6 – 8.6
n = 10
L27.3
7.05 – 7.5
n = 28.1
7.8 – 8.4
n = 3
W3.0
2.8 – 3.05
n = 63.4
3.05 – 3.65
n = 10
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Hypocisseis suturalis  Distinctive features

Head with a strongly depressed frons, sides of pronotum and posterior elytra with areas of dense white scale-hairs, midline with coppery to gold reflections, and abdominal ventrites with bluish reflections.

Notes

With unusual blotchy white and dark grey-bronze patterning, this species appears to be camouflaged by its resemblance to a small bird dropping when sitting on its host plant.

Distribution
Australian States:  WASAVICNSWQLD
Southern South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Hypocisseis suturalis  (total of 22 beetles)
3
5 10 1 1
2
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Legend
live emerged adults, count > median value of 3 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 3
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
12
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Exocarpos sparteus207MU, SES
Exocarpos cupressiformis22SLS
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
S Santalaceae 22 100% 2
Position on adult host
positionbeetlessites
on flowering plant64
on foliage or non-flowering plant22
on plant (unspecified)144
Hypocisseis suturalis Breeding record images
Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3441, larva, in Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3441, larva, SE Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3458, larva, in Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3458, larva, in Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3458A, larva, SE, 22.0 × 3.7 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3458A, larva, SE, 22.0 × 3.7 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3586A, prepupa, from Exocarpos sparteus, SE Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3586B, prepupa, SE, (late stage), 11.0 × 3.0 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3587, pupa, in Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski, 10.1 × 4.9 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3587, pupa, in Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski, 10.1 × 4.9 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3587, pupa, from Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski, 10.1 × 4.9 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3587, pupa, SE, 10.1 × 4.9 mm Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3461, dead non-emerged adult, in Exocarpos sparteus, MU Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3461, dead non-emerged adult, in Exocarpos sparteus, MU, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3461, dead non-emerged adult, in Exocarpos sparteus, MU, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3461, dead non-emerged adult, in Exocarpos sparteus, SE Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3461, dead non-emerged adult, in Exocarpos sparteus, SE Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3461, dead non-emerged adult, in Exocarpos sparteus, SE Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3441, larval host plant, host Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3441, larval host plant, host Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3441, larval host plant, host Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski Hypocisseis suturalis, PL3441, larval host plant, host Exocarpos sparteus, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski
Larval host plant
individuals sites SA regions¹ family adult deadadult ex pupapupapupa ex larvalarva
Exocarpos sparteus132MU, SES12127
Legendindividualscount of breeding adults, pupae and larvae
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
adultlive = extracted alive;   dead = extracted dead as intact or fragmentary remains;   ex billet = reared and emerged from stored sections of host;   ex pupa = reared from sampled pupa
pupaextracted pupa;   pupa ex larva = reared pupa from larva
larvaextracted larva (any stage including prepupa)
gall (only)hatched or unhatched gall identified by form and position rather than contents
Plant family
Code individuals % host plant taxa
S Santalaceae 13 100% 1
Position in larval host
positionindividualssitesadult deadadult ex pupapupapupa ex larvalarva
stem base111
stem1212127
Host plant notes

The discovery of adult host records in SA, two from Native Cherry Exocarpos cupressiformis and another two from Slender Cherry E. sparteus (illustrated here for both hosts) led to targeted searching of Exocarpos for evidence of larval host usage. A.M.P. Stolarski discovered the breeding records in E. sparteus presented here, which are the first for that host species and for SA. Turner 2001d found it breeding in E. cupressiformis in NSW.

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.