Plants of
South Australia
Amaryllis belladonna (∗)
Amaryllidaceae
Naked Lady
Display all 18 images
Distribution by Herbarium region
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta

Botanical art

Kath Alcock painting: 1.

Etymology

Amaryllis was adopted by Linnaeus from Latin but derived from the Greek 'amarysso', a typical name for a country girl or shepherdess (in Greek mythology) and means to sparkle, twinkle. Also possibily from the Latin 'amarella' meaning bitter, referring to the bitterness of the bulb. Belladonna from the Italian bella donna, which means beautiful lady. The common name Naked Lady refer to the appearance of the tall, showy flowers before the leaves.

Distribution and status

Native to South Africa and now naturalised in the southern Flinders Ranges, Mount Lofty Ranges, Yorke Peninsula, Kangaroo Island and the South-east in South Australia. Also naturalised in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Introduced. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Herbarium regions: Flinders Ranges, Northern Lofty, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern, Green Adelaide
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Perennial bulbous geophyte with onion-like bulb to 10 cm long. Leaves are linear, channelled to 45 cm long and 3 mm wide, appearing after flowering.  Inflorescence cluster of 2–12 showy fragrant, funnel-shaped, pink or less commonly nearly white flowers at the end of a long stalk. Flowering between  February and April. Fruits are round capsule to 2 cm with a number of fleshy, round seeds.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between May and July. Collect seeds that are on the ground or about to fall off the drying stalk. Seeds are recalcitrant (do not survive drying and freezing) and cannot be stored for long periods. Seed viability is usually high and will germinate without any treatment.