Plants of
South Australia
Apalochlamys spectabilis
Compositae
False Tobacco
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 4.

Etymology

Apalochlamys from the Greek 'apalos' meaning soft and 'chlamys' meaning cloak, referring to the soft texture of the involucres. Spectabilis from Latin meaning remarkable or showy, alluding to the species showy inflorescence.

Distribution and status

Found along the coast in South Australia from the lower Eyre Peninsula to the lower South-east, growing on dunes and other sandy soils, often after disturbance such as fire. Also found in Victoria and Tasmania. Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Biennial herb to 2 m high with erect stems, unbranched above the base and with whitish hairs above, becoming woody below. Leaves decreasing in size up the stem are strongly scented, oblong to lanceolate, amplexicaul and often shortly decurrent at the base, to 15 cm long and 4 cm wide; green with glandular hairs above, whitish hairs below; soft, prominently veined. Inflorescence a large pyramid spike to 40 cm long; intricately branched with drooping leafless branchlets subtended by reduced leaves with yellowish flowers. Flowering between January and March. Fruits are golden-brown heads. Seeds are brown cylindrical seed to 0.9 mm long and 0.4 mm wide; ribbed. Seed embryo type is spathulate fully developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between March and May. Collect heads that are golden brown and contain hard brown seeds. Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Viable seeds will be long, fat and hard. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%. Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
160,000 (9.5 g)
12,700 (6.1 g)
3017-Mar-2007DJD750
Kangaroo Island
1-Aug-2007100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.