Plants of
South Australia
Brachyscome ciliaris var. lanuginosa
Compositae
Woolly Fringed Daisy
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 3.

Etymology

Brachyscome from the Greek 'brachys' meaning short and 'kome' meaning hair; referring to the tuft of short bristles or hairs of the pappus. Ciliaris from the Latin 'cilium' meaning eye-lash; referring to the fruit having the margins fringed with hairs. Lanuginosa from Latin meaning woolly, referring to this variety having cottony or woolly hairs.

Distribution and status

Found across much of South Australia except in the far west and the lower South-east, growing in woodland, mallee and forest communities. Also found in all mainland States . Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in Victoria. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

A daisy growing up to 45 cm high, with stems, leaves, peduncle and involucres covered in cottony or woolly hairs. Leaves pinnatisect or with deep lobes. This variety differs from the other four varieties found in South Australia, by having pinnatisect leaves and densely or sparsely woolly stems. Flowering throughout the year. Fruits are brown daisy-heads Seeds are ray and disc seeds are morphologically different. Ray seeds are smooth and narrow with flattened tuberculate faces and have a minute pappus. Disc seeds have broad flat wings with curled hairs and a longer pappus. Seed embryo type is spatulate fully developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between January and December. Pick heads that are maturing, drying off, with brown seeds that dislodge easily. Place the seed-heads in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then gently rub the heads by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From two collections, the seed viability was high, ranging from 80% to 90%. This species may have physiological dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate. No difference in germination between ray and disc seeds. Germination occurs more rapidly under winter conditions.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA19,000 (1.29 g)9-Sep-2005DJD133
Eyre Peninsula
14-Sep-2006 -18°C
BGA10,800 (1.29 g)10-Nov-2005MKJ125
Gairdner-Torrens
1-Aug-200780%-18°C
BGA41,300 (4.7 g)506-May-2007RJB71482
Flinders Ranges
19-Sep-200890%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.