Brachyscome from the Greek 'brachys' meaning short and 'kome' meaning hair; referring to the short bristles or hairs of the pappus. Melanocarpa from the Greek 'melanos' meaning black and 'carpos' meaning fruit; referring to the colour of the fruit.
Distribution and status
Found along the Murray River north of Blanchetown and Lake Eyre region in South Australia, growing on heavy clay soils subject to winter flooding. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in Victoria. Common in the other states.
Herbarium regions: Lake Eyre, Murray
NRM regions: South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Perennial herb to 45 cm high with erect to ascending, pubescent stems. Basal leaves cuneate to oblanceolate, shallowly lobed, to 7 cm long and 2 cm wide, soon withering. Other leaves narrowly cuneate, irregularly dentate to 5.5 cm long and 1 cm wide, glandular-pubescent. Flowers white to violet daisy appearing between September and October. Fruits are brown daisy heads. Seeds are black ovoid seed to 2 mm long and 1 mm wide, covered with warts. Seed embryo type is spatulate fully developed.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between September and December. Pick heads that are maturing, drying off, with brown seeds that dislodge easily. Place the seed-heads in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then gently rub the heads by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
|Location||No. of seeds|
|BGA||14,900 (2.88 g)||100+||23-Apr-2011||DJD2180|
|BGA||1,850 (0.39 g)||40+||14-Dec-2011||MJT370|
|BGA||4,200 (0.74 g)||26-Aug-2011||DJD2180|
|BGA||1,600 (0.33 g)||40+||9-Nov-2011||DJD2306|