Plants of
South Australia
Hyalosperma glutinosum ssp. glutinosum
Golden Sunray
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Critically endangered
Data deficient
Coober Pedy
Mount Gambier
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 4

Prior names

Helipterum hyalospermum

Hyalosperma variabile

Hyalosperma strictum

Hyalosperma glutinosum, partly

Helipterum variabile


Hyalosperma, from the Greek 'hyalos', meaning glass and 'sperma', meaning a seed, referring to the transparent wing of the achenes. Glutinosum from the Latin 'gluten', meaning glue, alluding to the resinous secretion covering the Type specimen.

Distribution and status

Found in central South Australia growing on sand in exposed situations or on a wide variety of soils
in woodlands and shrublands. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Green Adelaide
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Annual herb to 20cm tall or sprawling; glabrous or sparsely cottony. Leaves alternating up the stems, to 16 mm long and 1mm wide; cylindrical, sparsely hairy to hairless; tips blunt. Flower-heads bell- or funnel-shaped becoming hemispherical;borne singly at the end of the stems with yellow daisy flowers. Flowering between August and October. Fruits are dense yellow or pale-brown papery head. Seed embryo type is spathulate.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between October and January. Collect heads or whole plants that are drying off and turning brown. Each head should have numerous tiny seeds. Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a fine sieve to separate the seeds from the unwanted material. Be careful as the seeds are very small. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.