Plants of
South Australia
Brachyloma ericoides ssp. ericoides
Epacridaceae
Brush Heath
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 3.

Etymology

Brachyloma from the Greek 'brachys' meaning short and 'loma' meaning a fringe or edge, alluding to the hairs or scales in the throat of the corolla tube. Ericoides from Greek meaning heath-like; possibly referring to the resemblance to plants in the genus Erica.

Distribution and status

Found in the southern part of South Australia, south of Nuriootpa, in scrub on sandy loams or sand over limestone. Also found in Victoria. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in Victoria.
Herbarium regions: Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Erect or spreading shrub to 90 cm high. Leaves linear, elliptic to obovate to 18 mm long and 1.6 mm wide both surfaces glabrous. Flowers pink, bell-shaped. Flowering between May and August. Fruits are yellowish globular fruit to 4.8 mm diameter, with a thin flesh and a woody seed. Seeds are brown elliptic woody seed to 4 mm diameter, with ridges. Seed embryo type is linear under-developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between September and November. Collect the fruit that are maturing, starting to turn yellowish with a hard woody seed inside. Place the fruits in a bucket of water and rub the flesh off with your hands. Drain the water and wash again if required to remove all the flesh. Then spread the wet seeds on some paper towel and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%. This species is generally difficult to germinate, it has morphophysiological dormancy and complex germination requirements.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
1,200 (26.2 g)
1,050 (34.77 g)
8019-Oct-2005MKJ87
Southern Lofty
1-Aug-2006100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.