Plants of
South Australia
Amphibromus nervosus
Gramineae
Veined Swamp Wallaby-grass
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 7.

Etymology

Amphibromus from the Greek 'amphi' meaning double and 'bromus' a grass genus, referring to the spikelets resembling those of the genus Bromus. Nervosus from the Greek 'nervus' meaning nerve and 'osa' meaning abundance, referring to the conspicuous nerves in lemmas.

Distribution and status

Found in the southern parts of South Australia, growing in permanently or seasonally wet sites. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Erect perennial grass to 1.25 m tall, (occasionally rooting at the nodes.) Leaf blades to 30 cm long and 3.5 mm wide, glabrous to scabrous. Panicle erect, contracted, incompletely exserted, to 40 cm long. Spikelets to 16 mm long, with 4-6 bisexual florets. Glumes unequal to subequal, glabrous, acute. Flowering between October and January. Fruits are lemma scabrous, 5-7.2 mm long. Apex 2-toothed, usually with 2 smaller lateral teeth/notches, sometimes 4-toothed; inner teeth 0.3-0.7 mm long. Awn arising 40-55% of the lemma length from the tip, bent, twisted, scabrous; 12-22 mm long, pale, rarely a dark purple-brown. Seeds are yellow-brown grain to 3mm long. Seed embryo type is lateral.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between November and February. Use hands to gently strip seeds off the mature seed spike that are turning straw colour. Mature seeds will come off easily. Alternatively, you can break off the whole seed spike. Place the seeds/spike in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. No further cleaning is required if only seed collected. If seed spikes collected, use hand to strip off the mature seeds. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From two collections, the seed viability was low, ranging from 25% to 35%.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
1,200 (1.54 g)
1,200 (1.54 g)
30+19-Jan-2005DJD97
South Eastern
28-Mar-200625%-18°C
BGA 
MSB
2,900 (7.65 g)
2,900 (7.65 g)
601-Dec-2005DJD268
South Eastern
9-Aug-200635%-18°C
 
MSB

4,200 (4.18 g)
50+4-Dec-2006TST120
South Eastern
 
MSB

5,370 (11.29 g)
10023-Nov-2007RJB76143
South Eastern
30%
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.