Plants of
South Australia
Acacia dodonaeifolia
Leguminosae
Sticky Wattle
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 7.

Etymology

Acacia from the Greek 'akakia' and derived from 'ake' or 'akis' meaning a sharp point or thorn and 'akazo' meaning to sharpen. Dioscorides, the Greek physician and botanist used the word in the 1st century AD for the Egyptian thorn tree, Acacia arabica. Dodonaeifolia from 'dodonaea' genus named after Dodonaeus, the Latinised name of Rembert Dodoens (1517-1588), a Belgian botanist and Latin 'folium' meaning leaf, having leaves like Dodonaea.

Distribution and status

Endemic to South Australia and found mainly on southern Eyre Peninsula and southern Mt Lofty Ranges, with minor occurrences on southern Yorke Peninsula, Kangaroo Island and the South-East. Grows in woodland and open forest vegetation in hard acidic, yellow duplex, red shallow porous loamy, sandy alkaline yellow duplex soils. Native. Rare in South Australia.
Herbarium regions: Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Tall, viscid shrubs or small trees to 6 m high, with short, thin trunks and long ascending branches, sometimes covered with a blackish sooty substance. Leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate to 10 cm long and 10 mm wide; flat, punctate, quite viscid and sticky when young, becoming less viscid when mature and with a prominent central vein. Inflorescences axillary, mostly twin, sometimes on a very short common peduncle with globular, bright yellow flower-heads. Flowering between July and November. Fruits are light brown, linear, straight or curved pods to 10 cm long and 6 mm wide, raised over the seeds. Seeds are hard, dark brown, oblong to ellipsoid seed to 6 mm and 3.5 mm wide. Seed embryo type is investing.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between November and January. Collect mature pods that are turning brown, with hard, dark seeds inside. Place the pods in a tray and leave to dry for 1-2 weeks or until the pods begin to split. Then rub the dried pods to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%. This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
4,260 (89.4 g)
4,260 (89.4 g)
2122-Dec-2003PJA75
Southern Lofty
1-Sep-2004100%+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
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