Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Agrilus hypoleucus   Gory & Laporte, 1837
subfamily  Agrilinae » tribe  Agrilini » subtribe  Agrilina
Agrilus hypoleucus   Adult images
Agrilus hypoleucus, PL0544A, on Acacia pycnantha, SL, 11.0 × 3.1 mm Agrilus hypoleucus, PL0375A, on Acacia pycnantha (feeding), SL, 10.7 × 3.0 mm Agrilus hypoleucus, PL0375A, on Acacia pycnantha, SL, 10.7 × 3.0 mm Agrilus hypoleucus, PL0415, female, from Acacia retinodes, SL Agrilus hypoleucus, PL0415, from Acacia retinodes, SL Agrilus hypoleucus, PL0544A, female, on Acacia pycnantha, SL, 11.0 × 3.1 mm Agrilus hypoleucus, on Acacia pycnantha, SL
9.2 mm
2.4 mm
Measurements (mm)
6.3 – 10
n = 1029.9
5.3 – 11.4
n = 76
7.15 – 9.9
n = 339.9
6.7 – 11.25
n = 20
1.6 – 2.5
n = 1022.7
1.4 – 3.15
n = 76
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Agrilus hypoleucus  Distinctive features

Anterior prosternal lobe with a protruding 'tooth'. First segment on hind feet (metatarsomere) very elongate, especially in males.


This is an extremely common species in SA. Tepper 1887 (on p.20) was most likely referring to this species (and not Agrilus australasiae) when he wrote:
'The larvae live in the bark and splinth wood of the Golden Wattle, even quite young ones, and when present in number sometimes destroy the trees altogether, in fact they would rank among the chief insect enemies of the Wattle (Acacia pycnantha) were they not so eagerly pursued by our native insect-feeding birds'.

Australian States:  WANTSATASNSWQLD
Southern South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Agrilus hypoleucus  (total of 1099 beetles)
1 3 14
18 28 57 128
202 122 88 264
68 11 24 50
6 9 2
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
live emerged adults, count > median value of 24 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 24
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Acacia pycnantha49346FR, EP, NL, MU, SL, SEF
Acacia retinodes34815NL, MU, SLF
Acacia sp.5516FR, EP, NL, MU, SL, KIF
Acacia uncifolia377SL, KIF
Acacia argyrophylla195NL, MUF
Acacia provincialis176SL, KIF
Acacia wattsiana173NLF
Acacia euthycarpa83MUF
Allocasuarina verticillata65MU, SLC1
Leptospermum sp.42SLM
Acacia longifolia ssp. sophorae32KI, SEF
Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp. leucoxylon21SLM
Exocarpos cupressiformis21SLS1
Eucalyptus sp.22SLM
Acacia calamifolia11FRF
Acacia cupularis11SLF
Acacia ligulata11MUF
Acacia quornensis11EPF
*Acacia saligna11SEF
Acacia spilleriana11NLF
Allocasuarina muelleriana ssp. muelleriana11SLC1
Callitris gracilis11MUC2
Dodonaea viscosa ssp. angustissima11FRS2
Eucalyptus fasciculosa11SLM
Lepidosperma viscidum11NLC3
Leptospermum myrsinoides11SLM
Myoporum insulare11SES3
Senna artemisioides ssp. petiolaris11MUF
Senna artemisioides ssp. zygophylla11NLF
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
*indicates alien (non-native) plant occurrences, either wild or planted (the species may be alien in SA, or native in parts of its SA range)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
F Fabaceae 1004 98% 15
M Myrtaceae 10 1% 3
C1 Casuarinaceae 7 1% 2
S1 Santalaceae 2 0% 1
C2 Cupressaceae 1 0% 1
C3 Cyperaceae 1 0% 1
S2 Sapindaceae 1 0% 1
S3 Scrophulariaceae 1 0% 1
Position on adult host
on flower(s)72
on flowering plant9618
on foliage or non-flowering plant84064
on dead foliage11
on plant (unspecified)8324
  on fruit11
Lure affinity
colour beetles sites SA regions¹
bright green11SE
Agrilus hypoleucus Breeding record images
Agrilus hypoleucus, PL4839D, female, non-emerged adult, in Acacia pycnantha dead stem, SE, photo by A.M.P. Stolarski, 10.6 × 2.9 mm Agrilus hypoleucus, PL2305, dead non-emerged adult, in Acacia retinodes wood, MU
Larval host plants
records sites SA regions¹ family adult liveadult deadadult ex billetadult ex pupapupalarva
Acacia pycnantha1049MU, SL, SEF934418273
Acacia retinodes161MUF115
Acacia wattsiana21NLF11
Acacia longifolia11SEF1
*Acacia pycnantha11SEF1
Legendrecordscount of breeding adults, pupae and larvae
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
*indicates alien (non-native) plant occurrences, either wild or planted (the species may be alien in SA, or native in parts of its SA range)
adultlive = extracted alive;   dead = extracted dead as intact or fragmentary remains;   ex billet = reared and emerged from stored sections of host;   ex pupa = reared from sampled pupa
pupaextracted pupa;   pupa ex larva = reared pupa from larva
larvaextracted larva (any stage including prepupa)
gall (only)hatched or unhatched gall identified by form and position rather than contents
Plant family
Code records % host plant taxa
F Fabaceae 123 100% 4
Position in larval host
positionrecordssitesadult liveadult deadadult ex billetadult ex pupapupalarva
stem base3121
dead stem12011766018272
Host plant notes

Adults occur on a variety of Acacia species and in SA they are particularly common on Acacia pycnantha (Golden Wattle) and A. retinodes (Wirilda), where they can sometimes be observed feeding on the foliage (phyllodes). It is known to breed in the live and dead wood of both these species and in A. wattsiana, but probably uses many other Acacia species also. Turner 2001b reported A. longifolia as a larval host plant in NSW with breeding established in dead branches.

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.