Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Anilara longicollis   Théry, 1911
subfamily  Buprestinae » tribe  Curidini » subtribe  Anilarina
Anilara longicollis   Adult images
Anilara longicollis, PL1150F, on dead Eucalyptus microcarpa foliage, SL Anilara longicollis, PL1893, on Eucalyptus microcarpa dead foliage, SL, 5.4 × 2.2 mm Anilara longicollis, PL3222, on dead leaves Eucalyptus oleosa, MU Anilara longicollis, PL3141E, male, from Eucalyptus microcarpa dead foliage, SL, 7.2 × 2.6 mm Anilara longicollis, PL3179A, male, from Eucalyptus microcarpa dead foliage, SL, 5.8 × 2.1 mm Anilara longicollis, PL1198A, male, from dead Acacia pycnantha foliage, SL, 7.0 × 2.6 mm Anilara longicollis, PL1150F, on dead Eucalyptus microcarpa foliage, SL Anilara longicollis, PL1789, on Allocasuarina verticillata dead foliage, SL Anilara longicollis, PL1789, on Allocasuarina verticillata dead foliage, SL
6.3 mm
2.4 mm
Measurements (mm)
4.35 – 7.15
n = 366.4
5.3 – 7.5
n = 20
4.25 – 6.95
n = 136.1
5.2 – 6.8
n = 7
1.6 – 2.65
n = 362.5
2 – 3.45
n = 20
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Anilara longicollis  Distinctive features

Red-brown to grey-brown, elongated pronotum contracted in the posterior part above the base and usually with it maximum width above the middle. On the ventral side of males, between the metacoxae, the intercoxal process forms a blackish boss with micro-puncturations and a matt sheen. It is obtusely angled at its anterior end, but somewhat diffuse at its posterior end which does not quite reach the first visible abdominal ventrite (v3) posterior margin. Similar to Anilara angusta (q.v.) which has differences in pronotum shape and boss.


A common and widely distributed species that is often found together with the smaller and shorter A. obscura on dead or dying twigs and foliage of fallen Eucalypt branches. It extends from woodlands in the high rainfall areas of the Mt Lofty Ranges to mallee of the semi-arid zone.

Australian States:  SAVICNSWQLD
South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Anilara longicollis  (total of 151 beetles)
6 1 3
2 13 15 3
21 1 11 11
4 2 2 43
7 3 2
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
live emerged adults, count > median value of 3 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 3
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Eucalyptus microcarpa765FR, NL, SLM
Eucalyptus oleosa137EP, MUM
Eucalyptus phenax ssp. phenax52EP, MUM
Eucalyptus porosa42EP, MUM
Eucalyptus gracilis33EP, MUM
Eucalyptus sp.33FR, EP, SLM
*Eucalyptus cladocalyx22NL, SLM
Eucalyptus obliqua21SLM
Acacia pycnantha11SLF
Allocasuarina muelleriana ssp. muelleriana11SLC
Allocasuarina verticillata11SLC
Eucalyptus brachycalyx11EPM
Eucalyptus camaldulensis ssp. camaldulensis11SLM
Eucalyptus incrassata11MUM
Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp. leucoxylon11SLM
*Eucalyptus saligna11SLM
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. cygnetensis11MUM
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
*indicates alien (non-native) plant occurrences, either wild or planted (the species may be alien in SA, or native in parts of its SA range)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 111 97% 11
C Casuarinaceae 2 2% 2
F Fabaceae 1 1% 1
Position on adult host
on dead foliage11726
Larval host plant
records sites SA regions¹ family adult deadadult ex billet
Eucalyptus microcarpa361SLM234
Legendrecordscount of breeding adults, pupae and larvae
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
adultlive = extracted alive;   dead = extracted dead as intact or fragmentary remains;   ex billet = reared and emerged from stored sections of host;   ex pupa = reared from sampled pupa
pupaextracted pupa;   pupa ex larva = reared pupa from larva
larvaextracted larva (any stage including prepupa)
gall (only)hatched or unhatched gall identified by form and position rather than contents
Plant family
Code records % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 36 100% 1
Position in larval host
positionrecordssitesadult deadadult ex billet
dead stem361234
Host plant notes

I have collected adults from the dead foliage of a wide range of Eucalyptus species, and reared them from billets cut from fallen branches of Grey Box E. microcarpa in Adelaide. I also extracted the dead remains of two individuals from dead fallen branches of E. microcarpa at a second nearby site.

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.