Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Castiarina parallela   (White, 1859)
subfamily  Buprestinae » tribe  Stigmoderini » subtribe  Stigmoderina
Castiarina  species group: crocicolor
Castiarina parallela   Adult images
Castiarina parallela, PL0137A, on Calytrix involucrata, EP, 10.4 × 3.4 mm Castiarina parallela, PL0137A, on Calytrix involucrata, EP, 10.4 × 3.4 mm Castiarina parallela, PL0153, on Hakea carinata, SL Castiarina parallela, PL0451, on Leptospermum myrsinoides, SL Castiarina parallela, PL0178, female, SL, 11.0 × 3.5 mm Castiarina parallela, PL0137, EP
Actual
size¹:
10.1 mm
×
3.3 mm
Measurements (mm)
malefemale
L19.9
7.35 – 11.6
n = 5010.3
8.1 – 12.2
n = 36
L29.8
7.25 – 10.95
n = 1810.2
8 – 11.8
n = 15
W3.2
2.4 – 3.75
n = 503.6
2.65 – 11.5
n = 36
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Castiarina parallela  Distinctive features

Readily distinguished from C. decemmaculata by the dense cover of scale-like, flattened, silvery setae on the ventral side (diagnostic of the C. crocicolor group), and from C. xanthopilosa by its smaller size and the more elongate yellowish lacunae on the elytra.

Notes

A very common SA spring species in both temperate and semi-arid areas. In the latter especially, the elytral lacunae tend to be coalesced to varying degrees, but often with the first and second fused together and the third and fourth fused together.

Distribution
SA Regions¹:  FREPMUNLSLKISE
Australian States:  SAVICNSWQLD
Southern South Australian occurrences
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Castiarina parallela  (total of 530 beetles)
10
9 12 5 19
68 125 51 61
51 32 19 60
4 2 2
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Legend
live emerged adults, count > median value of 19 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 19
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
12
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
10824FR, EP, NL, MU, SL, KI, SEM
10722MU, SL, KI, SEM
8018EP, MU, SEM
Leptospermum sp.2914EP, NL, MU, SL, KI, SEM
155EP, SEP
126EP, MU, SEM
122EPM
Calytrix sp.103KIM
92EPM
93EP, KIM
72EPM
62KIM
63KIM
62EPM
53SLP
54KIM
52KIR1
51MUR1
33KIM
31KIP
Hakea sp.22EP, SLP
21SEM
21FRL
11MUF
11MUM
Myrtaceae sp.11SEM
Spyridium sp.11KIR1
11KIM
11SLR2
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
Plant names in green are hyperlinked to a matching host species page with plant photos.
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 414 91% 16
P Proteaceae 25 6% 3
R1 Rhamnaceae 11 2% 2
L Lamiaceae 2 0% 1
F Fabaceae 1 0% 1
R2 Rutaceae 1 0% 1
Position on adult host
positionbeetlessites
on flower(s)25043
on flowering plant14939
on foliage or non-flowering plant32
on plant (unspecified)5123
other
  plant11
Lure affinity
colour beetles sites SA regions¹
blue926NL, KI, SE
white922SE
light pink622SE
light violet11SE
Host plant notes

Recorded from a wide variety of adult host plants, mostly with white or creamy flowers and predominantly from the Myrtle family, Myrtaceae, and to a much lesser extent, the Proteaceae.

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.