Plants of
South Australia
Crinum flaccidum
Amaryllidaceae
Darling Lily
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Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
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Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 5.

Etymology

Crinum from the Greek 'krinon', meaning a lily. Flaccidum from the Latin 'flaccidum', meaning hanging down, flabby, limp, alluding to the flaccid leaves.

Distribution and status

Found in eastern f South Australia, north of the Murray River, growing near inland rivers, often along sandy floodways. Also found in all mainland States. Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Western Australia and Victoria. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Murray
NRM regions: Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Bulb ovoid to 10 cm diameter with a shortly-developed neck, not protruding above ground. Leaves few, flaccid, strap-shaped, to 80 cm long and 5 cm wide. Flower-stalk erect, somewhat compressed, to 70 cm high with an umbel of 4–14 large, white or cream, scented flowers. Flowering between February and June. Fruits are globular capsule with a few seeds in each. Seeds are whitish, subglobose seed to 3 cm long, commonly germinating before falling.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between June and November. Collect mature capsules off the plant or on the ground next to the plant. No cleaning is required if only seeds are collected. However, seeds cannot be stored long term. Seeds are recalcitrant, that is they do not survive drying and freezing and cannot be stored long term for ex-situ conservation. Seeds are recalcitrant and will germinate readily.

Seeds stored:
  Hide
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
 
MSB

1,000 (5.093 g)
50+5-Mar-2007PJA152
Flinders Ranges
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.