Plants of
South Australia
Sclerolaena bicornis var. bicornis
Chenopodiaceae
Goat-head Burr
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Keith
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Etymology

'Sclerolaena' from the Greek skleros, meaning hard; and chlaina, meaning covering; referring to the hard fruiting perianth covering the seed. Bicornis meaning two horns.

Distribution and status

Found predominantly in the Lake Eyre Region in South Australia. Also recorded in other mainland states bar Victoria. Native, common.
Herbarium regions: Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern
NRM region: South Australian Arid Lands
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Shrub with white woolly branches and slender fleshy leaves to 20 mm long. Fruits are fruit covered with white woolly hair except for the distal ends of two (rarely three) prominent spines 10-20 mm long erect to spreading. Seed embryo type is peripheral

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between September and November. Collect seeds by stripping the spiny fruits off wearing gloves to protect from the spines. Remove twigs, leaves and other material using a sieve. Leave fruits to dry before storage