Plants of
South Australia
Brachyscome ciliaris var. lyrifolia
Compositae
Lyrate Variable Daisy
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock painting: 1.

Etymology

Brachyscome from the Greek 'brachys' meaning short and 'kome' meaning hair; referring to the tufts of short bristles or hairs of the pappus. Ciliaris from the Latin 'cilium' meaning eye-lash; referring to the fruit having the margins fringed with hairs. Lyrifolia meaning lyre-shaped leaves.

Distribution and status

Endemic to South Australia and found in the Flinders and Gammon Ranges, growing in shrub and woodland communities, often in rock crevices. Native. Common in South Australia.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

A perennial herb with ascending or decumbent stems with leaves, stems, peduncles and involucres covered in fine glandular hairs. Leaves lyrate to obovate with 2-8 irregular teeth, narrowed into a petiole-like base. Ray florets mauve and yellow disc florets. This variety differ from the other four varieties found in South Australia, by having pinnatisect leaves that are lyrate to obovate and irregularly toothed and non woolly stems. Flowering between May and October. Fruits are brown daisy-heads. Seeds are brown semi-flat ovoid seed to 1.5 mm long, with serrated margin and covered with scattered hairs. Seed embryo type is spatulate fully developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between January and November. Pick heads that are maturing, drying off, with brown seeds that dislodge easily. Place the seed-heads in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then gently rub the heads by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From two collections, the seed viability wase low to high, ranging from 45% to 90%.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA750 (0.082 g)5-Dec-2005PJA108
Flinders Ranges
1-Aug-200745%-18°C
BGA4,700 (0.49 g)50+16-Jun-2010TST932
Flinders Ranges
1-Jan-201290%-18°C
BGA3,000 (0.29 g)1515-Nov-2007RJB75601
Northern Lofty
30-Jun-201865%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.