Plants of
South Australia
Chrysocephalum baxteri
Compositae
Fringed Everlasting
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock painting: 1.

Etymology

Chrysocephalum from the Greek 'chryso' meaning golden and 'cephalus' meaning a head, referring to the golden flower heads. Baxteri named after William Baxter (1787-1836), an English gardener who collected in Australia on behalf of English nurserymen and private collectors.

Distribution and status

Found in southern South Australia growing in open areas in sclerophyll forest and heathland on deep sand or on shallower well-drained sandy soils. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales and Tasmania. Common in Victoria.
Herbarium regions: Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Perennial herb to 40 cm high with numerous, usually unbranched stems covered in dense white-woolly hairs. Leaves linear, mostly to 30 mm long and 2.5 mm wide; acute, base slightly broadened, margins recurved to revolute; upper surface ultimately green and glabrescent, lower surface with dense white-woolly hairs. Flower-head solitary at tip of stalk with a white, yellow- centred daisy flower. Flowering between September and November. Fruits are pale brown fluffy daisy-head. Seeds are dark brown oblong seed to 1.3 mm long and 0.4 mm wide with smooth surface and long feather-like pappus. Seed embryo type is spatulate.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between January and February. Collect whole heads that are brown and fluffy or collect just the seeds by plucking it off with your fingers. Mature seeds are easily removed. Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then pluck the seeds from the head with your fingers. Viable seeds will be fat and brown. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.

Seeds stored:
  Hide
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
 
MSB

5,400 (1.9 g)
14-Dec-2005DJD327
Southern Lofty
BGA 
MSB
100,000 (14.24 g)
100,000 (14.24 g)
10223-Dec-2003PJA78
Southern Lofty
23-Mar-2006 +5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.