Lagenophora billardierii, partly
Lagenophora from the Greek 'lagenos', meaning flask and 'phorus', suffix meaning carries, possibly referring to the urn-shaped cypsela. Gracilis, from the Latin 'gracilis', meaning slender or graceful, referring to the slender flower stalk.
Distribution and status
Found on Kangaroo island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and lower South-east in South Australia growing in moist gullies and near water. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern, Green Adelaide
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Herb with short rhizome; roots fleshy. Leaves obovate to spathulate to 80 mm long and 20 mm wide; sinuate to toothed with acute or obtuse teeth, sparsely to quite densely hairy. Flower-heads solitary on long slender stalk to 20 cm long, often darkly pigmented, with white to purple daisy-flower. Flowering in Spring and summer. Fruits are brown head with exposed seeds. Seeds are semi-flat brown, ovoid seed to 4 mm long and 1 mm wide. Seed embryo type is spathulate.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between October and January. Pick heads that are maturing; drying off, with exposed brown seeds. Mature seeds should come-off easily. Place the heads in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then gently rub the heads by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From two collections, the seed viability was high, ranging from 90% to 95%.