Plants of
South Australia
Leptorhynchos melanocarpus
Compositae
Lake Acraman Button-daisy
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Etymology

Leptorhynchos from the Greek 'leptos' meaning slender and 'rhynchos' meaning a snout; alluding to the beaked achenes of some species. Melanocarpa from the Greek 'melas' meaning dark, black and 'carpos' meaning fruit; referring to the black achenes.

Distribution and status

Endemic to South Australia and found only at Lake Acraman on the northern Eyre Peninsula, growing on gypseous mounds. More abundant after heavy rains. Native. Very rare in South Australia.
Herbarium region: Eyre Peninsula
NRM region: South Australian Arid Lands
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Annual herb to to 50 cm high. Leaves terete, grey-tomentose. Florets yellow, long hairy bracts. Flowering in winter and spring. Fruits are white fluffy daisy-head with black seeds. Seeds are black oblong-elliptic seeds to 2 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, with a tubercule surface. Seed embryo type is spatulate fully developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between September and November. Collect heads that are fluffy. Either pick off the whole heads or use your finger and pull off the seeds from the head. Mature seeds will come off easily. Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. No cleaning is required if only pure seeds are collected. If heads are collected, then rub the heads gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Viable seeds will be fat and hard. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
50,000 (9.9 g)
14,500 (2.6 g)
300+19-Sep-2009DJD1587
Gairdner-Torrens
1-Jun-2011100%+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.