Cardamine from the Greek 'kardamon' a name given by Dioscorides for a species of cress, an Indian spice and derived from the Greek 'cardia' meaning heart and 'damaein' meaning to blind, alluding to the reputed heart-strengthening effects of the plant. Papillata from the Latin 'papillatus' meaning bearing papillae (small rounded protuberances), referring to the warty margin of the leaves and fruits.
Distribution and status
Found on Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia growing in hilly, forest areas. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Small erect or ascending annual or perennial herb to 25 cm high; glabrous or papillose. Basal leaves to 7 cm long, forming a persistent rosette; simple or pinnate, lateral pinnae circular, terminal pinna ovate to cordate. Stem leaves, if present variable in shape, upper leaves much reduced, margins sometimes papillose. Flowers usually few along a spike with white flower. Flowers in winter to spring. Fruits are long pale brown pods to 35 mm long, splitting into two, sometime papillose. Seeds are small orange flat reniform seeds to 1.5 mm long and 1 mm wide. Seed embryo type is bent.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between September and December. Collect maturing pods those turning pale brown with yellowish seeds inside. Be gentle with the pods as they split open easily. Place the pods in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds from popping out and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the dried pods gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. Seed viability is usually high.
|Location||No. of seeds|
|13,100 (2.14 g)|
13,100 (2.14 g)