Plants of
South Australia
Cicendia filiformis (∗)
Slender Cicendia
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 4.


Cicendia was recorded by Dioscorides, supposedly from ancient Tuscany for an unknown plant of the family. Filiformis from the Latin 'fili' meaning thread-like and 'formis' meaning form or shape; alluding to the shape of the leaf.

Distribution and status

Found on Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in moist places. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Introduced. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Herbarium regions: Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Tiny slender annual herb to 15 cm high with few-branches. Leaves linear to narrow-lanceolate, to 15 mm long and 2 mm wide, those at the base largest, but often withered at flowering. Flowers 1 to several, on erect stalk, yellow. Flowering between September and November. Fruits are brown ovoid capsule to 4 mm long, containing numerous seeds. Seed embryo type is spatulate under-developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between November and December. Collect mature capsules as they dry off and turn brown. They should contain hard brown seeds inside. Place the capsules in a tray for a week. Then rub the capsules with your fingers to dislodge all the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.

Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage

88,000 (0.38 g)
Southern Lofty
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.