Dampiera named after William Dampier (1652-1715), an English buccaneer and explorer, who collected botanical specimens on the north-west coast of Australia in 1699 as commander of H.M.S. Roebuck. Lanceolata from the Latin 'lanceolatus' meaning shaped like a lance-head, referring to the shape of the leaf.
Distribution and status
Found across the central part of South Australia, from the Western Australia border to the Murray River. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Queensland. Common in the other states.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Southern Lofty
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Erect shrub to 1 m tall with glabrescent stems. Leaves narrowly oblong-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, seldom papillate, clustered or alternating along the stems, to 5 cm long and 26 mm wide, flat, upper surface hairy becoming hairless, often warty, lower surface hairy, edges flat or curved down, margins entire or toothed. Flowers purplish blue with a yellow throat, tubular, the tube split to the base, with 5 lobes, solitary or in groups of 2-9 flowers on 1-3 stalks arising at the bases of the leaves. This variety is distinguish from the other two varieties found in South Australia by its glabrescent, papillate stems, leaves linear to oblong-elliptic, usually not papillate and hairs outside corolla tomentose with long dendritic or plumose grey hairs, where as D. lanceolata var. intermedia have tomentose and not papillate stems, leaves oblong to ovate-elliptic, slightly papillate and hairs on outside of corolla loose, silky, pale grey and D. lanceolata var. insularis have glabrescent stems, leaves oblong to ovate-elliptic, papillate and hairs outside corolla not appressed, tomentose with spreading dark-grey dendritic hairs. Flowering between August and November. Fruits grey-tomentose cylindric to 5 mm long and 2 mm wide. Seeds black woody, oblong to 3 mm long and 1.5 mm wide, with deep wrinkled surface. Seed embryo type is spatulate.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between September and December. Collect maturing fruits, those that are fat and contain hard black seeds inside. Collecting good mature fruits will be time consuming as few fruits maybe produced. Place the fruit in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the fruits gently with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place This species tend to produce very few viable seeds.