Dampiera named after William Dampier (1652-1715), an English buccaneer and explorer, who collected botanical specimens on the north-west coast of Australia in 1699 as commander of H.M.S. Roebuck. Lanceolata from the Latin 'lanceolatus' meaning shaped like a lance-head; referring to the shape of the leaf.
Distribution and status
Found across the central part of South Australia, from the Western Australia border to the Murray River. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Queensland. Common in the other states.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Southern Lofty
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Erect shrub to 1m tall. Leaves clustered or alternating along the stems, to 5cm long and 26mm wide, flat, upper surface hairy becoming hairless, often warty, lower surface hairy, edges flat or curved down, margins entire or toothed. Flowers purplish blue with a yellow throat, tubular, the tube split to the base, with 5 lobes, solitary or in groups of 2-9 flowers on 1-3 stalks arising at the bases of the leaves. Fruits are hard grey-tomentose cylindric fruit to 5 mm long. Seeds are black ovoid seed to 3 mm long and 1 mm wide, with deep wrinkled surface. Seed embryo type is spatulate.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between September and November. Collect maturing fruits, those that are fat and contain hard black seeds inside. Collecting good mature fruits will be time consuming as few fruits maybe produced. Place the fruit in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the fruits gently with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place This species tend to produce very few viable seeds.