Plants of
South Australia
Goodenia arguta
Spur Velleia,
Toothed Velleia
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Critically endangered
Data deficient
Coober Pedy
Mount Gambier
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 6

Prior names

Velleia arguta

Velleia paradoxa, partly

Antherostylis calcarata

Common names

Spur Velleia

Toothed Velleia


(formally Velleia named after Thomas Velley (1748-1806), and English botanist). Arguta meaning sharp toothed; referring to the species serrated leaves.

Distribution and status

Grows in drier regions in mallee on sandy soils and rocky sites and found across most part of South Australia except the southeast and northeast regions. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Victoria. Uncommon in the other states.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Green Adelaide
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Perennial herb with a robust woody rootstock. Leaves oblanceolate to elliptic, serrate to deeply incised, glabrous or slightly pubescent towards the margin, to 12 cm long and 10 mm wide forming a rosette. Inflorescence a scape to 40 cm high. Flowers on a long spur, corolla deep yellow, brownish towards the throat. Flowering between July and January. Fruits are brown ovoid, 4-valved capsule to 9 mm long, densely pubescent with a glabrous mucro. Seeds are pale brown, semi-flat, broad-elliptic seed to 4 mm diameter, pointy at the base and with a winged around margin. Seed embryo type is spatulate fully developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between October and February. Collect capsules that are maturing, turning brown, easily split open and with brown seeds inside. Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the capsules with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From two collections the seed viability were high, ranging from 95% to 100%.

Germination table: