Plants of
South Australia
Glischrocaryon behrii
Haloragaceae
Golden Pennants
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Adelaide
Arkaroola
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Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 4.

Etymology

Glischrocaryon from the Greek 'glischros' meaning gluey, clammy, slippery and 'caryon' meaning a nut, referring erroneously to the genus having succulent fruit when it was thought to belong to the Family Santalaceae, several species of which do have succulent fruits. Behrii named after Hermann H. Behr (1818-1904), a German-American doctor, entomologist and botanist, who collected in South Australia.

Distribution and status

Found in southern South Australia from the Eyre Peninsula to the upper South-east growing in mallee communities on deep sandy soils. Also found in New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales. Common in Victoria.
Herbarium regions: Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern, Green Adelaide
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Erect, perennial herb to 50 cm high, with numerous stems to 2 mm diameter, often becoming almost leafless. Leaves terete to linear or narrow-lanceolate to 25 mm long and 2 mm wide, often deciduous. Inflorescence ln terminal clusters with 7-63 yellow flowers. Flowering between August and October. Fruits are yellow or reddish papery obovate fruit to 10 mm long with two wings. Seeds are reddish-brown semi-flat ovoid seed to 3 mm long and 1.5 mm wide.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between October and December. Collect fruit that has developed wings and the seed in the middle is hard. Place the fruit in a tray and leave to dry for a week or two. Seeds can be stored with the wings or you can rub the dried fruit with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was low, at 35%.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
4,900 (9.55 g)
4,900 (9.55 g)
100+30-Nov-2005DJD265
South Eastern
1-Aug-200635%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.