Plants of
South Australia
Cassytha peninsularis
Lauraceae
Streaked Dodder-laurel
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Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 5.

Etymology

Cassytha from the Greek 'kasytas' or 'kadytas', a name for a parasite to which this genus bears a strong resemblance and thought to have been dodder (genus Cuscuta). Peninsularis from the Latin 'peninsula' meaning a narrow body of land, referring to the species occurring on Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas.

Distribution and status

Endemic to South Australia and found on Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas and Kangaroo Island. Native. Common in South Australia.
Herbarium regions: Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Yorke Peninsula, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions: Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Parasitic perennial twiner with stem to 2.5 mm thick; glabrescent, rarely rugulose; yellow-green, green to green-red. Leaves reduced, ovate, to 2 mm long and 1 mm wide; scattered hairs, often with a central gland. Inflorescence a panicle with 1–5 yellow flowers; sepals triangular, mostly glabrous, yellow; in fruit, light-brown; petals ovate, glabrous or rarely with few scatterered hairs outside; yellow, in fruit dark brown. Flowering between October and February. Fruits are green and red banded, globular fleshy fruit to 7 mm long and 6.5 mm wide; pubescent, broadly banded with dull-green and dull red-brown hairs. Seeds are globular woody seed. Seed embryo type is linear under-developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between October and April. Collecting mature fruits, those that are soft, green-red and have a hard woody seed inside. Place the fruits in a bucket of water and rub with your hands to remove the soft flesh. Remove any seeds that are floating. These will be empty seeds. Drain the water and keep only the hard seeds at the bottom. Place the seeds on paper towel and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.