Acacia from the Greek 'akakia' and derived from 'ake' or 'akis' meaning a sharp point or thorn and 'akazo' meaning to sharpen. Dioscorides, the Greek physician and botanist used the word in the 1st century AD for the Egyptian thorn tree, Acacia arabica. Ligulata from the Latin 'ligula' meaning a little tongue.
Distribution and status
Widespread and scattered across South Australia except for the southern Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island and the South-east, where they have been introduced. Also found in all other mainland States. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Bushy, spreading, more or less rounded, compact shrubs to 5 m high. Branches slightly angular or ribbed, light green, smooth. Leaves linear or linear-oblong to 9 cm long and 10 mm across, flat, rather thick; wrinkled when dry, with yellowish vein-like margins. One gland at the apex below the point and one on the upper margin below the centre towards the base. Inflorescences axillary and solitary or mostly in racemes with globular, bright yellow flower-heads. Flowering betwen August and November. Fruits are hard, woody, light brown, linear pod to 10 cm long and 10 mm wide with a thick margin, more or less constricted between seeds, readily breaking into 1-seeded segments. Seeds are hard, black, semi-flat ellipsoid seed to 5 mm long and 3 mm wide with a scarlet aril. Seed embryo type is investing.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between December and January. Collect mature pods that are turning brown, with hard, dark seeds inside. Place the pods in a tray and leave to dry for 1-2 weeks or until the pods begin to split. Then rub the dried pods to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%. This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).
|Location||No. of seeds|
|7,700 (243 g)|
6,570 (207 g)