Plants of
South Australia
Glycine latrobeana
Leguminosae
Clover Glycine
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
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Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
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Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
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Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 4.

Etymology

Glycine from the Greek 'glykys', meaning sweet, referring to the sweet roots and leaves of some species of the Glycine (soybean) genus. Latrobeana named after Charles La Trobe (1801-1875), superintendent of the Port Phillip District of Victoria and the first Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria in 1851.

Distribution and status

Found in the southern Flinders Ranges, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the South-east in South Australia, growing in grasslands and grassy woodlands on heavy soils. Also found in Victoria and Tasmania. Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Northern Lofty, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Decumbent or ascending herb with hairy, short, non-stoloniferous stems. Leaves palmately trifoliate, dimorphic; leaflets sessile to subsessile; upper surface glabrous, lower surface silky; elliptic. Inflorescence a raceme with 3-8 deep purple pea-flowers. Flowering between September and December. Fruits are dark brown to black hairy, linear-lanceolate pod to 25 mm long and 5 mm wide. Seeds are brown ovoid seed to 3 mm long and 2.5 mm wide, with a wrinkled surface. Seed embryo type is bent.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between November and January. The pods of this pea change colour from pale green to a dark brown when mature. The seed pods twist and burst apart expelling the seeds when fully ripe so timing of seed collections is important. Monitor fruits closely, bag maturing fruits or place groundsheets under plants to catch seeds . Alternatively, the pods can be harvested close to maturity (when they turn brown) and fully dried in a warm area. Place the pods in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds popping out and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the dried pods to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%. This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).

Seeds stored:
  Hide
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
 
MSB

1,200 (10.36 g)
100+4-Dec-2007TST244
Southern Lofty
90%
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.