Plants of
South Australia
Glycyrrhiza acanthocarpa
Leguminosae
Southern Liquorice
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 4.

Etymology

Greek 'glykys' sweet, 'rhiza' root and 'acantha' thorn; 'carpos' fruit

Distribution and status

Found on heavy soils prone to flooding Native
Herbarium regions: Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Eastern, Northern Lofty, Murray, South Eastern
NRM regions: Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Erect, sticky undershrub to 1m, almost glabrous. Leaves 2–8 cm long; leaflets 9–13, linear to elliptic or obovate, 15–20 mm long: 2–8 mm wide. Inflorescence a spike-like raceme, exceeding the leaves; 5–8 mm long; corolla whitish-blue to purple. Flowering September - December or January - February. Fruits are pod sessile, ovoid-compressed, 5-6 mm long, covered with hard straight or hooked prickles. Not dehiscent, or if so then matures late; rusty-coloured Seeds are seeds reniform, to 3mm long; green mottled black, nearly filling the cavity

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
 
MSB

2,420 (17.56 g)
100+17-May-2006PJA129
Murray
BGA4,890 (41.78 g)506-Dec-2006RJB70338
Murray
1-Aug-2007100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.