Caesia named after Federico Cesi (1585-1630), an Italian naturalist who is said to have been the first to discover the spores of ferns and whose name was Latinised as Caesius. Calliantha from the Greek 'callos' meaning beauty and 'anthos' meaning flower.
Distribution and status
Found in the southern part of South Australia from the southern Flinders Ranges to the lower South-east growing in grassy understorey of sclerophyll forest on damp sandy or clay soil. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Tufted, glabrous herbaceous perennial lily with long grass-like leaves to 50 cm long and 15 mm wide; sheath often papery. Flowers lilac-blue to deep-blue along a long spike. Flowering between August and October. Fruits are pale brown 3-lobedcapsule to 8 mm in diameter. Seeds are globular black seeds 2 mm in diameter with fine irregular low tubercles. Seed embryo type is linear fully developed.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between October and December. Collect mature capsules, those that are turning a pale straw colour and contain black seeds. Can collect individual capsules or break off the whole spike. Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was average, at 65%. High germination rates after 4 weeks cold stratification at 5C and sown April (pers. comm. Shaun Kennedy - SA Water) - see seedling images on Sosa webpage.
|Location||No. of seeds|
|3,900 (8.08 g)|
3,900 (8.08 g)