Plants of
South Australia
Corynotheca licrota
Liliaceae
Sand Lily
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Etymology

Corynotheca from the Greek 'coryne' meaning club and 'thece' meaning a box; referring to the club-shaped fruit.

Distribution and status

Found from Lake Gairdner west to the border and in the Murray region in South Australia, growing in low rainfall areas on sandy plains. Also found in Northern Territory, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in the other states.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Murray, South Eastern
NRM regions: Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Perennial herb to 70cm tall, leaves annual. Leaves at the base of the plant, to 60cm long, linear, flat or folded together lengthwise, hairless. Flower-spike divaricate, with numerous branches to 70 cm high, in clusters of 2–6 white to pale yellow flowers. Flowering between September and November. Fruits are green ovoid or club-shaped capsule to 7.5 mm long, containing a few seeds. Seeds are black ovoid seed to 5 mm long and 2.5 mm long, with fine striation on the surface. Seed embryo type is linear fully developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between November and February. Collection capsules (can be green) that are fat and contain hard black seeds. Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry forone to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 88%.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA240 (0.41 g)111-Jan-2012MJT368
Murray
1-Nov-201288%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.