Lomandra, from the Greek 'loma', meaning edge, border or fringe and 'andros', meaning a male, alluding to the circular margin of the anthers in some species. Effusa from Latin for loosely spreading, alluding to the species' habit.
Distribution and status
Found in the southern part of South Australia, except in the lower South-east, growing on sandy to clay loam in grassland or open woodland . A dominant species in the EPBC listed Peppermint Box grassy woodland and Iron Grass natural temperate grassland. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Nullarbor, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern, Green Adelaide
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Dioecious perennial, rigid iron grass with leaves to 80 cm long with U shaped 2 toothed tip. Flowers scented, white to pale pink, scattered along the branches of a slender spreading spike. Flowering between May and October. Fruits are brown ovoid capsule to 9 mm long, with valves striated lengthwise. Seeds are brown, rounded wedge-shaped seed to 8 mm long and 4 mm wide. Seed embryo type is linear, underdeveloped.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between November and December. Collect mature fruits, turning brown with a hard seed inside, or when they are starting to split. Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%. This species has morpho-physiological dormancy and will germinate slowly over weeks to months.
|No. of seeds
2,400 (41.38 g)
|3,300 (69.84 g)
|7,600 (152.18 g)