Plants of
South Australia
Lomandra multiflora ssp. multiflora
Liliaceae
Many-flower Mat-rush
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
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Rare
Vulnerable
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Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 6.

Etymology

Lomandra from the Greek 'loma' meaning edge, border or fringe and 'andros' meaning a male; alluding to the circular margin of the anthers in some species. Multiflora from the Latin 'multus' meaning many and 'floris' meaning flower.

Distribution and status

Found only in the lower south-east in South Australia, growing in woodland and forest. Also found in Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Native. Very rare in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Herbarium region: South Eastern
NRM region: South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Tufted perennial herb, slender to robust. Leaves to 90 cm long and 3 mm wide, flat or slightly concavo-convex, occasionally plano-convex, rarely terete, smooth or lower surface scabrid, green, greyish green or rarely glaucous, apex entire. Male inflorescence 1- or 2-branched or rarely unbranched, flower clusters whorled. Female inflorescence similar, unbranched. Male flowers on pedicels usually to 8 mm long, always distinctly exceeding bracts at anthesis. Female flowers larger, sessile. Flowering between June and January. Fruits are ovoid to globular capsule. Seeds are yellow to brown, rounded wedge shaped seed to 5 mm long and 3 mm wide. Seed embryo type is linear underdeveloped.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between December and February. Collect mature fruits with a hard seed inside or when they are starting to split. Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%. This species has morphophysiological dormancy and can take several weeks to germinate.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA1,380 (11.49 g)20+23-Dec-2010DJD1922
South Eastern
1-Jan-201290%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.