Wurmbea name after Friedrick Wilhelm von Wurmb, merchant and botanist in 18th century Batavia (Jakarta). Australis means of or from the south; referring to the more southern distribution of the species.
Distribution and status
Endemic to South Australia and found in the central part of the state, growing among rock outcrops . Native. Common in South Australia.
Herbarium regions: Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Robust decumbent herb to 20 cm tall. Leaves 3 to 10 cm long and 24 mm wide, broad, leathery and easily recognisable even when not in flower. Inflorescence spike with 1-5 large bright pink flowers. Flowering between May and August. Fruits are pale brown box-like capsule to 25 mm long. Largest of any Australian Wurmbea. Seeds are orange brown globular seed to 2 mm diameter. Seed embryo type is linear under-developed.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between August and October. Collect mature capsules, those turning pale straw colour and containing hard brown seeds. Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
|Location||No. of seeds|
|2,600 (12.8 g)|
2,600 (12.8 g)
|BGA||6,100 (24.01 g)||100+||20-Sep-2009||DJD1597|
|BGA||1,030 (1.49 g)||50+||28-Nov-2016||Aligator Gorge|
|BGA||850 (0.83 g)||100||1-Oct-2019||JRG721|
|Date||Result||T0||T50||Pre-treatment | Germination medium | Incubator: Photoperiod / Thermoperiod|
Incubated under winter conditions
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions