Plants of
South Australia
Wurmbea latifolia ssp. vanessae
Liliaceae
Lesser Broad-leaf Star-lily,
Broad-leaf Nancy,
Broad-leaf Star-lily
Display all 14 images
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
Enlarge Map
Copy Map
Copy Map
Display IBRA region text

Common names

Lesser Broad-leaf Star-lily

Broad-leaf Nancy

Broad-leaf Star-lily

Etymology

Wurmbea name after Friedrick Wilhelm von Wurmb, merchant and botanist in 18th century Batavia (Jakarta). Latifolia from the Latin 'latus' meaning broad or wide and 'folium' meaning a leaf; referring to the species broad leaves. Vanessae named after Vanessa, the author's wife and companion on many field trips.

Distribution and status

Found along the coast from Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Mount Lofty Rages and the South-east in south Australia, growing in low scrub on exposed sites. Also found in Victoria and Tasmania. Native. Rare in South Australia. Very rare in Tasmania. Uncommon in Victoria.
Herbarium regions: Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern, Green Adelaide
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Doecious herbs to 15 cm high. Leaves 3, lower 2 similar, close together or separated, narrowly to broadly linear, or lanceolate, to 12 cm long and 8 mm wide, margin serrated, lowest leaf basal and not dilated, middle leaf more erect and sometime dilated at the base, upper leaf smaller, dilated at the base with short erect apex. Inflorescence spike with 2–9 white or pink flowers, tepals elliptic shortly fused basally, spreading, white, nectary 1 per tepal, situated about one-third from base of tepal, white or faint violet, raised, often with a narrow central beak, anthers purple. This subspecies differ from the other subspecies found in South Australia by the relatively longer, less broad and not opposite leaves, female flower spikes spike not dense and exserted on a scape at least 2 cm long and capsule oblong. Flowering between July and September. Fruits are brown papery oblong capsule containing many seeds. Seeds are brown globular seed to 1.5 mm diameter. Seed embryo type is linear under-developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between September and November. Collect mature capsules, those turning pale straw colour and containing hard brown seeds. Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From three collections, the seed viability was high, ranging from 95% to 100%.

Seeds stored:
  Hide
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA1,000 (1.5 g)819-Nov-2005DJD252
Southern Lofty
9-Aug-2006100%-18°C
BGA 
MSB
3,500 (4.5 g)
3,500 (4.5 g)
100+21-Nov-2006DJD505
Southern Lofty
1-Aug-200795%+5°C, -18°C
BGA1,350 (1.15 g)50+18-Nov-2015JRG246
Kangaroo Island
2-May-2017100%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
  Display