Calytrix from the Greek 'kalyx' meaning calyx and 'thrix' meaning hair, referring to the awns on the sepals. Smeatoniana named after Thomas Drury Smeaton (1832-1908), born in London and migrated to Australia as a bank clerk and plant collector.
Distribution and status
Endemic to South Australia and found in the western half of Kangaroo Island, grows on the margins of minor creeks and tributaries. Native. Rare in South Australia.
Herbarium region: Kangaroo Island
NRM region: Kangaroo Island
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Small erect perennial shrub to 1 m high, covered in minute spreading hairs. Leaves linear, to 3 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, covered with hairs. Inflorescence in small clusters of pinkish white flowers with pink centre. Flowering between September and December. Fruits are brown squarish fruit to 4 mm long and 3 mm wide, covered in hairs. Seed embryo type is spatulate fully developed.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between December and January. Collect heads by hand when they are brown and slightly fat at the base. This should contain small hard seed. No cleaning is required if only the fruits were collected. If collected with other material, use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. Seed set and seed viability can be low. Seed viability is low for this species.
Obligate re-seeder; seedlings observed in proximity of burnt parent plants within fire scar. No re-sprouting observed.
Longevity: >20 years
Time to first flowering: 4-5 years.
In 2020 this species was assessed in the first year post-fire at a few populations in Flinders Chase NP. A total of 1,200 seeds were collected from one population in unburnt refugia in 2020. Germination screening testing the response to fire cues will be undertaken in 2021.The project work is supported by the Australian Government through the Wildlife & Habitat Bushfire Recovery program.
|Location||No. of seeds|
|45,700 (27.6 g)|
45,700 (27.6 g)