Elymus scaber var. scaber
Triticum scaber, orth.var.
Festuca scabra, nom.illeg.
Elymus scabrus var. scabrus, orth.var.
Anthosachne from the Greek 'anthos' meaning flower and 'achne' meaning scale, referring to the upper florets of the spikelet being sterile. Scaba from the Latin 'scaber' meaning rough or scaly rough, referring to the plant being covered with hard short rigid points
Distribution and status
Found in the southern part of South Australia, from the Eyre Peninsula to the lower South-east, growing in a variety of habitats and soil types. Also found in all States except in the Northern territory. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern, Green Adelaide
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Tall weeping perennial grass with erect or arching culms to 120 cm tall. Leaves mostly basal with blades narrow, fiat or filiform, scabrous on the edges. Inflorescence a 25 cm spike with numerous fertile spikelets on each. Flowering between July and December. Fruits are brown spike-head containing numerous individual seeds. Seed embryo type is lateral.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between October and February. Use hands to gently strip seeds off the mature seed spike that are turning straw colour. Mature seeds will come off easily. Alternatively, you can break off the whole seed spike. Place the seeds/spike in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. No further cleaning is required if only seed collected. If seed spikes collected, use hand to strip off the mature seeds. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
|Location||No. of seeds|
3,800 (20.54 g)