Plants of
South Australia
Hakea francisiana
Proteaceae
Grass-leaf Hakea
Display all 8 images
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
Enlarge Map
Copy Map
Copy Map
Display IBRA region text

Botanical art

Kath Alcock painting: 1.

Etymology

Hakea named after Baron Christian Ludwig von Hake (1745-1818), a German horticulturalist and patron of botany. Francisiana named after George William Francis (1800-1865), collector of the type specimen and the first director of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens from 1855-1865.

Distribution and status

Found on the northern Eyre Peninsula, Nullarbor and the western parts of South Australia, growing on sandy soil in dunes or on sand plain, in shrubland or woodland. Also found in Western Australia. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in Western Australia.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Eyre Peninsula
NRM regions: Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Erect shrub or small tree to 8 m tall, with patchily hairs on branchlets. Leaves ascending, flat, linear, to 260 mm long and16 mm wide; finely striate, bluntly mucronate; sparsely pubescent to glabrous. Inflorescence large spike with 150–500 pale to deep pink or red to orange-red flowers. Flowering between July and October. Fruits are greyish-brown woody ovoid fruit to 26 mm long and 14 mm wide, with a short pointed beak. Fruit splits into two to reveal two seeds. Seeds are dark brown to black ovoid seed to 7 mm long and 2 mm wide (13 mm long and 7 mm wide including the wing that extend down one sides of seed). Seed embryo type is investing.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between January and December. Collect mature woody fruit that are greyish-brown and not split. These will contain seeds. Place the woody fruit in a tray and leave to dry until it splits open. Place the dried fruit in a bucket and shake to dislodge the seeds from the valves. Separate the seeds from the fruit and store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From two collections, the seed viability was high, ranging from 90% to 100%. Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily without pre-treatment.

Seeds stored:
  Hide
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
6,000 (70.8 g)
6,000 (70.8 g)
60+29-Oct-2004MOL4693
Gairdner-Torrens
28-Mar-2006100%-18°C
BGA1,500 (19.21 g)407-Sep-2005HPV2555
Eyre Peninsula
8-Aug-200690%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.