Santalum lanceolatum var. angustifolium
Santalum from the Greek santalon, which is derived from the Sanskrit chandana meaning fragrant, named for the Indian sandalwood. Lanceolatum from the Latin lanceola, meaning a lance and referring to the shape of the leaf.
Distribution and status
Found across the arid regions of South Australia, north of Port Augusta with a few records from Yorke Peninsula, Northern Lofty and the Murraylands. Also occurs in Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queenlsand, New South Wales and Victoria. Common in South Australia. Common interstate.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula
NRM regions: Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Tall shrub or small tree to 4m tall with fleshy yellow-green leaves arranged in pairs and drooping down on the branches. Flower is small and pale yellow. Fruits are small, ovoid, dark red, fleshy fruit to about 1.5cm long. Seeds are small, woody, ovoid seed to 1cm long.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between September and January. Pick by hand fruits that are turning red and soft and the woody seed inside is hard. Place the fruits in a bucket of water and rub with your hands to remove the soft flesh. Remove any seeds that are floating. These will be empty seeds. Drain the water and keep only the hard seeds at the bottom. Place the seeds on paper towel and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%. This species has physiological dormancy that need to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking the seed coat).
|Location||No. of seeds|
310 (24.63 g)
1,300 (167 g)
|BGA||1,230 (87.11 g)||50+||10-Jan-2006||DDC1430|
|Date||Result||T0||T50||Pre-treatment | Germination medium | Incubator: Photoperiod / Thermoperiod|
|Jul-06||32%||7||NA||endocarp gently cracked in a vice;|
filter paper over moist sponge;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions