Plants of
South Australia
Dodonaea subglandulifera
Sapindaceae
Peep Hill Hop-bush
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
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Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 3.

Etymology

Dodonaea named after Rembert Dodoens (1517-1585), a Flemish physician and botanist, also known under his Latinized name Rembertus Dodonaeus. Subglandulifera from the Latin 'sub' meaning almost, below and 'glandulifera' means bearing small glands, alluding to the leaflets with glands on the lower surface only.

Distribution and status

Endemic to South Australia and found on the east side of the Mount Lofty Ranges and on Yorke Peninsula, growing on low hills on loamy soils associated with rocky outcrops in open woodland, open shrubland and mallee. Native. Very rare in South Australia
Herbarium regions: Flinders Ranges, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula
NRM regions: Alinytjara Wilurara, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Dioecious perennial shrub to 2 m high. Leaves pinnate to 1.6 cm long; leaflets 9-17, linear, obtuse, entire, or very rarely with 1 or 2 teeth near the apex; to 7.5 mm long and 1.5 mm wid; viscous, with raised glands on the lower surface only. Flowers usually 2 or 3 together; axillary, small yellow-green flowers; sepals 3-4, stamens 6-8. Flowering between February and August. Fruits are red-brown three or four winged capsule to 7 long and 15 mm wide, sparsely pubescent; wings extending from the base to the apex of the capsule. Seeds are black ovoid seed to 3 mm long and 2 mm wide with a short brown aril. Seed embryo type is folded.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between September and December. Collect winged capsules that contain hard black seeds, usually when capsule is dry and dull red-brown. Place capsules in a tray and leave to dry for 1 to 2 weeks. Then rub the capsules by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From three collections, the seed viability was average to high, at 50% to 90%. This species has physiological dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking the seed coat).

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
5,200 (31.46 g)
5,200 (31.46 g)
12225-Nov-2003MKJ5
Yorke Peninsula
1-Sep-200460%+5°C, -18°C
BGA1,350 (4.32 g)20+28-Nov-2007KHB94
Northern Lofty
19-Sep-200850%+5°C, -18°C
BGA 
MSB
10,700 (45.1 g)
10,700 (45.02 g)
100+29-Nov-2012DJD2594
Murray
27-Feb-201490%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
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