Plants of
South Australia
Apium prostratum var. filiforme
Umbelliferae
Broad-leaf Sea Celery
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 4.

Etymology

Apium is an ancient Latin name for celery or parsley. Prostratum from Latin meaning flat on the ground or prostrate, referring to the its habit. Filiforme from the Latin 'filum' meaning thread and 'forma' meaning shape, referring to the narrow stems rather than the leaflets which, unlike those of the type variety, are far from filiform.

Distribution and status

Found mainly along the coast in South Australia from the Eyre Peninsula to the lower South-east and N to the Flinders Ranges, growing in coastal situations on sand dunes, cliff faces or near estuaries and saline lakes but also occasionally beside fresh-water streams. Also found in all States except in the Northern Territory. Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Herbarium regions: Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Prostrate biennial or perennial herb to 70 cm long, with slender branches under 5?mm diameter. Leaves 1–3-pinnate, lower leaves to 20?cm long with those opposite inflorescence to 15?cm long. Inflorescence in umbels with 4–15 white flowers with tiny yellow-brown midrib. Flowering between January and April. This variety differs from the other found in South Australia in having leaflets that are divided, primary segments elliptic, ovate or cuneate; 2–3 times as long as wide; 3–20?mm long, compared to Apium prostratum var. prostratum which have leaflets entire or divided, with undivided leaflets and primary segments linear to narrow-lanceolate, to 6 cm long, 6–15 times as long as wide. Fruits are brown globular cluster with a number of seed segments. Seed embryo type is linear under-developed.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between March and June. Collect maturing fruits by picking off the clusters that are turning brown. Place the fruits in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the fruits with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.