Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Castiarina rufipennis   (Kirby, 1818)
subfamily  Buprestinae » tribe  Stigmoderini » subtribe  Stigmoderina
Castiarina  species group: rufipennis
Castiarina rufipennis   Adult images
Castiarina rufipennis, PL0256, on Leptospermum myrsinoides, SL, 15.3 × 5.7 mm Castiarina rufipennis, PL2729, on Grevillea pterosperma, EP Castiarina rufipennis, PL2729, on Grevillea pterosperma, EP Castiarina rufipennis, PL0210, male, on Leptospermum myrsinoides, SL, 13.2 × 5.1 mm Castiarina rufipennis, PL0210, male, on Leptospermum myrsinoides, SL, 13.2 × 5.1 mm Castiarina rufipennis, PL0210, male, on Leptospermum myrsinoides, SL, 13.2 × 5.1 mm Castiarina rufipennis, PL3092, male, SL, 13.8 × 5.3 mm Castiarina rufipennis, PL0256, from Leptospermum myrsinoides, SL, 15.3 × 5.7 mm Castiarina rufipennis, PL0256, from Leptospermum myrsinoides, SL, 15.3 × 5.7 mm Castiarina rufipennis, PL0305, male, on Hysterobaeckea behrii, EP, 13.1 × 4.8 mm Castiarina rufipennis, PL0305, male, on Hysterobaeckea behrii, EP, 13.1 × 4.8 mm
Actual
size¹:
13.6 mm
×
5.1 mm
Measurements (mm)
malefemale
L113.0
10.4 – 15.6
n = 1114.9
11.4 – 17.1
n = 5
L212.2
10.2 – 13.4
n = 315.9
15.05 – 16.7
n = 2
W4.8
3.7 – 6.2
n = 115.7
4.1 – 6.75
n = 5
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Castiarina rufipennis  Distinctive features

Pronotum black & shiny with sparse shallow fine punctures and a large pit towards each posterior corner. Ventral side black with blue reflections. Apical sternite with bifurcate projection in female. Tarsi large.

Notes

A Lycid beetle mimic. (Notes about this mimicry series are provided under Castiarina erythroptera.)

Distribution
SA Regions¹:  FREPNLMUSLKISE
Australian States:  WASATASVICNSWQLD
Southern South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Castiarina rufipennis  (total of 146 beetles)
2 2 27
8 9 29 3
30 1 8 19
4 4
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Legend
live emerged adults, count > median value of 8 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 8
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
12
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Leptospermum continentale617SL, SEM
Leptospermum sp.186SL, KIM
Grevillea pterosperma164EPP1
Myoporum platycarpum101MUS1
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa64SLP2
Hysterobaeckea behrii53EP, MU, SEM
Leptospermum coriaceum54MU, SEM
Leptospermum myrsinoides43SLM
Myoporum platycarpum ssp. perbellum41EPS1
Myrtaceae sp.42SL, KIM
Acacia oxycedrus11SEF
Acacia victoriae ssp. victoriae11FRF
Calytrix tetragona11SLM
Eucalyptus albopurpurea11EPM
Eucalyptus remota11KIM
Exocarpos cupressiformis11SLS2
*Kunzea ambigua11SLM
Melaleuca decussata11SLM
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
*indicates alien (non-native) plant occurrences, either wild or planted (the species may be alien in SA, or native in parts of its SA range)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 101 72% 8
P1 Proteaceae 16 11% 1
S1 Scrophulariaceae 14 10% 2
P2 Pittosporaceae 6 4% 1
F Fabaceae 2 1% 2
S2 Santalaceae 1 1% 1
Position on adult host
positionbeetlessites
on flower(s)11222
on flowering plant106
on foliage or non-flowering plant22
on plant (unspecified)1610
other
  on stems11
Lure affinity
colour beetles sites SA regions¹
blue32MU, SE
orange21SE
yellow21SE
light pink11SE
¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.