Buprestidae of South Australia
( Jewel beetles )
by Peter J. Lang
Anilara obscura   (Macleay, 1872)
subfamily  Buprestinae » tribe  Curidini » subtribe  Anilarina
Anilara obscura   Adult images
Anilara obscura, PL3178B, female, on Eucalyptus microcarpa, SL, 4.9 × 2.1 mm Anilara obscura, PL3180B, male, from Eucalyptus microcarpa dead foliage, SL, 4.5 × 1.9 mm Anilara obscura, PL3533, adult host plant, host Eucalyptus oleosa, fallen branch, EP Anilara obscura, PL1329, adult host plant, host Eucalyptus dumosa, fallen branch, SE
4.5 mm
1.8 mm
Measurements (mm)
3.35 – 5.9
n = 544.7
3.4 – 6.1
n = 37
3.2 – 5.2
n = 214.9
3.25 – 5.8
n = 12
1.4 – 2.2
n = 541.9
1.3 – 2.5
n = 37
Legend  L1length from clypeus/frons to elytral apex (mean, range, sample size)
L2length from anterior of edge of eyes to elytral apex
Wmaximum width with elytra fully closed
Anilara obscura  Distinctive features

Red-brown to grey-brown, with a moderately short pronotum that is only gently contracted near the base. On the ventral side between the metacoxae males have a weak boss that is not usually darkened and is obtusely angled at is anterior end.


An extremely abundant and widely distributed species that often occurs together with the larger and more elongate Anilara longicollis on the dead or dying twigs and foliage of fallen Eucalypt branches.

Australian States:  WASAVICNSWQLD
South Australia distribution
LegendP.J.Lang collection vouchered records
other private collection or museum specimens, or sightings
Satellite map
Terrain map
Enlarge map
Adult activity records for Anilara obscura  (total of 317 beetles)
2 15
42 14 24 22
32 8 17 61
35 5 3 13
16 5 3
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
live emerged adults, count > median value of 15 per quarter month
live emerged adults, count <= median value of 15
live non-emerged adults only, for that quarter month
number of active beetles for that quarter month
Adult host plants
beetles sites SA regions¹ family position on host plant
Eucalyptus microcarpa794FR, NL, SLM
Eucalyptus oleosa309EP, MUM
Eucalyptus phenax ssp. phenax263EP, MUM
Eucalyptus sp.212FR, MUM
Eucalyptus odorata192FR, MUM
Eucalyptus camaldulensis ssp. camaldulensis142MU, SLM
Eucalyptus dumosa143EP, MU, SEM
Eucalyptus incrassata144EP, MUM
Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp. leucoxylon124MU, SLM
Eucalyptus socialis ssp. socialis122MUM
Eucalyptus calycogona ssp. trachybasis71MUM
Eucalyptus gracilis73EP, MUM
Eucalyptus camaldulensis71FRM
*Eucalyptus cladocalyx62NL, SLM
Eucalyptus porosa63NL, MU, SLM
Eucalyptus obliqua61SLM
Eucalyptus brachycalyx54EPM
Eucalyptus fasciculosa51SEM
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. cygnetensis33MU, SLM
Eucalyptus socialis31MUM
Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp. pruinosa21NLM
Acacia pycnantha21SLF
Allocasuarina muelleriana ssp. muelleriana11SEC
Allocasuarina verticillata11MUC
Eucalyptus calycogona ssp. calycogona11EPM
Eucalyptus diversifolia ssp. diversifolia11SEM
Eucalyptus leptophylla11MUM
*Eucalyptus leptophylla11SLM
*Eucalyptus saligna11SLM
Legendbeetlescount of beetles collected from, or sighted on, host plant taxon
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
*indicates alien (non-native) plant occurrences, either wild or planted (the species may be alien in SA, or native in parts of its SA range)
Plant family
Code beetles % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 295 99% 22
C Casuarinaceae 2 1% 2
F Fabaceae 2 1% 1
Position on adult host
on foliage or non-flowering plant11
on dead foliage30446
  on dead fallen branch stem21
Lure affinity
colour beetles sites SA regions¹
Anilara obscura Breeding record images
Anilara obscura, PL2533, dead non-emerged adult, in dead branch of Eucalyptus microcarpa, SL
Larval host plants
records sites SA regions¹ family adult deadadult ex billet
Eucalyptus microcarpa91SLM18
Eucalyptus incrassata21SEM2
Legendrecordscount of breeding adults, pupae and larvae
sitescount of major sites (unique 10 km grid cells +/- some distinct approximate localities)
adultlive = extracted alive;   dead = extracted dead as intact or fragmentary remains;   ex billet = reared and emerged from stored sections of host;   ex pupa = reared from sampled pupa
pupaextracted pupa;   pupa ex larva = reared pupa from larva
larvaextracted larva (any stage including prepupa)
gall (only)hatched or unhatched gall identified by form and position rather than contents
Plant family
Code records % host plant taxa
M Myrtaceae 11 100% 2
Position in larval host
positionrecordssitesadult deadadult ex billet
dead stem11238
Host plant notes

I have collected adults from the dead foliage of a wide range of Eucalyptus species, and reared them from billets cut from fallen branches of Grey Box E. microcarpa in Adelaide. I also extracted dead remains of one individual from a dead fallen branch of E. microcarpa at another nearby site. A second larval host plant species was revealed by A.M.P. Stolarski who extracted two dead individuals in the SE Region from a stem of Ridge-fruit Mallee E. incrassata which had fallen over about 12 months earlier. It is expected that breeding wold occur in at least most of the Eucalypt species on which the adults have been found.

¹ LegendregionsSA State Herbarium regions (map)
EA: Eastern, EP: Eyre Peninsula, FR: Flinders Ranges, GT: Gairdner-Torrens, KI: Kangaroo Island, LE: Lake Eyre, MU: Murray, NL: Northern Lofty, NU: Nullarbor, NW: North-Western, SE: South-Eastern, SL: Southern Lofty, YP: Yorke Peninsula
sizeThe ellipse is the correct size when printed, indicative on a desktop screen, and likely to be wrong on a mobile device.