Plants of
South Australia
Maireana brevifolia
Chenopodiaceae
Small-leaf Bluebush
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
Endangered
Critically endangered
Extinct
Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
Ceduna
Coober Pedy
Hawker
Innamincka
Marla
Marree
Mount Gambier
Oodnadatta
Renmark
Wudinna
Keith
Yunta
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Botanical art

Kath Alcock paintings: 5.

Etymology

'Maireana', after the 19th century French botanist, Adolphe Lemaire and Latin 'brevis', short, 'folia', leaves

Distribution and status

Usually found on slightly saline soil; often recorded in open mallee. Distributed through the Eyre, Yorke and Fleurieu Peninsulas, Murraylands and Flinders Ranges. Native. Common in Victoria, New South Wales and the SW of Western Australia. Mostly recorded in South Australia.
Herbarium regions: Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Erect, short-lived, perennial shrub to 1.5 m high. Leaves alternate, fleshy; obovoid to narrow-fusiform; 2-5 mm long, glabrous. Flowers solitary; glabrous apart from the woolly ciliate lobes. Flowering January - October. Fruits are fruiting perianth glabrous; tube shallowly hemispherical; thin-walled, 2 mm in diameter; wings 5, horizontal, thin, fan-shaped, 2-3 mm long, with delicate brown venation when dry; perianth lobes thick and fleshy, sharply demarcated from the wings. Seeds are circular, brown, convex seeds Seed embryo type is peripheral

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between December and February. Collect seeds when fruits are brown and papery. Check inside several fruits for the presence of well-developed seed before making a collection. Strip or shake fruiting branches into a container. Remove twigs and other plant material. 65% and 84% viability in two collections Germination levels varied from 12% to 86%.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
11,600 (17.4 g)
11,600 (17.4 g)
3012-Feb-2005MKJ82
Southern Lofty
28-Mar-200665%-18°C
BGA 
MSB
24,600 (29.54 g)
24,600 (29.54 g)
259-Mar-2005MKJ85
Southern Lofty
28-Mar-200665%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
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