Centipeda from Latin for centipede, from 'centi' meaning hundred and 'ped' meaning foot, referring to the creeping stems. Cunninghamii named after Allan Cunningham (1791-1839), an English botanist and explorer, primarily known for his travels to Australia (New South Wales) and New Zealand to collect plants and author of Florae Insularum Novae Zelandiae Precursor, 1837-40 (Introduction to the flora of New Zealand).
Distribution and status
Found in the eastern half of South Australia, growing in many communities, usually on sites subject to flooding. Also found in all States. Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in the Northern Territory, Queensland and Tasmania. Common in the other States.
Herbarium regions: Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions: Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
An erect or ascending, perennial herb to 20 cm high; glabrous, or cottony near growing tips; stems much-branched. Leaves oblong to more less spatulate, to 15 mm long and 4 mm wide, margins shallowly toothed or subentire, narrowed to base but petiole indistinct. Flower heads creamy-green with no petals; globular, single, at the bases of the leaves or at the ends of the stems. Flowering between January to April. Fruits are brown dense daisy head. Seeds are pale brown narrow ovoid seed to 2 mm long and 0.6 mm wide, with scattered hairs on the narrower part. Seed embryo type is spatulate.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between March and July. Collect heads that are drying off and turning brown. Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands or a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Be careful as the seeds are very small. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 85%. Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
|Location||No. of seeds|
|383,000 (12.7 g)|
383,000 (12.7 g)