Plants of
South Australia
Gahnia halmaturina
Cyperaceae
Kangaroo Island Saw-sedge
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Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
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Near threatened
Rare
Vulnerable
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Data deficient
Adelaide
Arkaroola
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Coober Pedy
Hawker
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Etymology

Gahnia named after Dr. Henricus Gahn, 19th century Swedish botanist and student of Linnaeus. Halmaturina from halmaturus, a generic name once applied to kangaroos, and derived from the Greek 'halme' meaning a leap or bound, and commonly used as an epithet for species from Kangaroo Island.

Distribution and status

Endemic to South Australia and found only on Kangaroo Island, restricted to the vicinity of West Bay in Flinders Chase National Park, growing on rocky areas along the banks and floodplains of freshwater creeks. Native. Rare in South Australia.
Herbarium region: Kangaroo Island
NRM region: Kangaroo Island
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Tufted perennial with short, compact rhizomes with culms to 65 cm high and 1.7 mm diameter, often paler than leaves. Leaves flexuose, erect to spreading; margins tightly in-rolled when dried, sometimes appearing terete with a groove on one side; dull green (pale to cream at base), not glaucous, to 70 cm long and 1.8 mm wide (when dried and margins in-rolled); sheath pinkish brown to dark chocolate-brown. Inflorescence pale to dark brown, linear in outline to 16 cm long and 20 mm wide with several lateral branches. Flowering between April and May. Fruits are brown spike shorter than the leaves. Seeds are dark brown three sided ovoid seed to 2.5 mm long and 1.5 mm wide, with a slight pitted surface. Seed embryo type is capitate.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between January and December.

Collect heads that are dying off with dark brown seeds hanging from the flowering spike. Place the heads in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the heads with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.

Fire response

Obligate re-spouter and re-seeder

Longevity: >20 years

Time to flowering: 4 to 5 years

Recovery work

In 2020-2021 this species was assessed post-fire in 1 year and 2 year old fire scars. A total of 4,600 seeds have been collected & banked for a population outside the 2020 fire scar at Seal Bay region. Further populations will be assessed and seeds collected on the western side of Kangaroo Island in 2021–2022. Germination screening testing the response to fire cues will be undertaken in 2021.This project was supported by the Project Phoenix program.

Seeds stored:
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LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
 
MSB

3,200 (3.03 g)
60+3-May-2006DJD471
Kangaroo Island
BGA900 (1.7 g)5018-Jan-2017Flinders Chase
Kangaroo Island
1-Nov-201780%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
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