Plants of
South Australia
Eucalyptus gillenii
Mount Lindsay Mallee
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion.
Least concern
Near threatened
Critically endangered
Data deficient
Coober Pedy
Mount Gambier
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Eucalyptus from the Greek 'eu' meaning well and 'calyptos' meaning covered; alluding to the cap or lid which covers the stamens in the bud. Gillenii named after Francis James Gillen (1855-1912), an early Australian anthropologist, ethnologist and the first postmaster at Alice Springs and after whom Mt Gillen in the MacDonnell Ranges (where the type specimen was colledted) was named.

Distribution and status

Found in the far north-west corner of South Australia, on Mount Wooltarlinna and Mount Lindsay, growing in crevices on and at the base of massive rock domes in water run-off areas. Also found in Western Australia and Northern Territory. Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in Western Australia. Common in Northern Territory.
Herbarium region: North Western
NRM region: Alinytjara Wilurara
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)

Plant description

Multi-stemmed mallee to 6 m tall with smooth, grey to pinkish-tan to cream bark. Juvenile leaves lanceolate to falcate, dull, green to blue-green. Adult leaves to 180 mm long and 28 mm wide, lanceolate ot falcate, dull, green to blue-green. Flowers axillary in groups of 7-9, held erect. Buds to 16 mm long and 7 mm wide, smooth, bud-cap cone-shape to round, slightly longer than the base. Flowers creamy-white. Fruits are globular fruit to 10 mm long and 12 mm wide, smooth, disc broad and ascending, valves 3 to 4 exserted above the rim. Seeds are dark brown pyramidal-shaped seed to 1.5 mm long and 0.8 mm wide. Seed embryo type is folded.

Seed collection and propagation

Collect seeds between January and December. Collect mature fruits that are dark and hard (difficult to break with a finger nail), with the valves un-open any time of year. Leave the fruits in a breathable container in a dry room for one to two weeks. This allows the valves on the fruit to open and release the seeds. Separate the seeds by placing all the materials into a bucket and shaking it to dislodge the seeds. Pass the material through a sieve to separate the unwanted material. The finer material will contain both seeds (soft) and frass (hard) usually distinguishable from each other but can be very similar in shape and colour. With finer sieves, the seeds can be separated from the frass but this is not essential for storage or propagation. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place. Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.

Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA7,700 (2.83 g)1020-Mar-2014Mt Lindsay
North Western
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table: