Cuscuta from the Italian and Neo-Latin 'cuscuta', which is from the Arabic 'kushuta' meaning to bend; referring to the twining habit of the stem. Victoriana maybe named after Queen Victoria, 19th century Queen of Great Britain.
Distribution and status
Found in the north-eastern part of South Australia, parasitic on various herbaceous species such as Tribulus, Calotis, Sida, Boerhavia and other forbs in open woodlands and shrublands in arid to semi-arid regions, often along waterways and in swampy areas and gibber plains. Also found in Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales. Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in New South Wales. Common in the other states.
Herbarium regions: North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern
NRM regions: Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands
AVH map: SA distribution map (external link)
Parasitic twining herb with slender, pale brown stems. Inflorescent in dense clusters with 4 yellow flowers. Flowering between March and May. Fruits are golden depressed-globular capsule to 4 mm diameter. Seeds are orange globular seed to 2 mm diameter. Seed embryo type is folded.
Seed collection and propagation
Collect seeds between May and July. Collect capsules that are maturing, turning brown and contain hard seeds inside. Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand or with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
|Location||No. of seeds|
5,890 (6.1 g)